Monday, September 12, 2011

Cerathotherium simum

African white rhinoceros (Cerathotherium simum) rhinoceros is the largest with a height 1.8 meters and can reach 5 meters in length, has two horns. Front horns can reach 137 cm in length and two horns can reach 60 cm in length.
READ MORE - Cerathotherium simum

crocodile Sangkimah

Andi Hanan and several colleagues at the River Sangkimah, Sangkimah Old Village, South Sangatta, East Kutai (East Kutai), approximately at 12.00 pm after provocation with goat skin.

Residents catch rogue crocodile being perceived, often entered into under the residents' houses. Sangkimah river itself is best known for ferociously crocodiles in East Kutai.

When measured 4.3 meters in length with a width of 70 cm belly. Leg span up to 1.5 meters. Muzzle his mouth 80 cm with a number of canines that have been dated. It is estimated that, when it hit the prey crocodile stone or wood so that the fangs on.

Crocodile captured citizens has now become a spectacle. In fact, some residents of Sangatta to come there to see the "monster" was the most dangerous river. Until yesterday is still alive and muzzle and legs bound with plastic straps. Then, the rope was tied to a coconut tree.

Andi Hanan, Sangkimah residents who catch the crocodile, said he decided to catch the reptile because naughty. "If it is not naughty, do not eat humans or livestock feed, I might not catch," he said.

According to him, many reports from residents, chickens, cats, pet dogs missing. He was sure everything was devoured by crocodiles as they often are under the houses to catch the chicken. Quite often also across the middle of the road.

To catch the crocodile, Andi Hanan pleaded not perform special rituals, such as sprinkling flower 7 way or give offerings, as is typically done by a crocodile handler. "If rapalan prayer there," he said. Prayers were said for the power of the crocodile is much stronger than humans.

Andi Hanan use goat skin as much as 3 pounds for bait. Hook from a bent metal. Then, from the eye of the hook tied to a wire and connected to a plastic rope. At the end of the rope attached an empty jerry can. He was fishing crocodile under his house. Incidentally, his home was located at the river mouth.

Sheepskin long enough bait to attract the crocodile came. On the sixth day, precisely on Friday (4 / 3) night, crocodiles eat the bait and carry jerry cans ran to the river level downstream. "I could not at night. So, I catch lunch with a neighbor, "Andi Hanan beber.

Before eating goat skin, the crocodile was called Andi Hanan. It said the crocodile, he wanted to give food. Goatskin which he hung over the water. After the crocodile that ate umpang goatskin, crocodile Andi also ordered to run down or to the estuary.

The arrest this vicious crocodile was like the television show that aired on Animal Planet or National Geografic Channel. In fact, it could be more nerve-racking process of arrest. Although the hook stuck in his mouth still fighting fiercely. To tame, ridden body in the water and then tied his mouth with plastic rope. To be lifted ashore by a gang of six people.

Although very large and ferocious, Andi Hanan could not confirm whether the animal had never eaten a human or not. Because, in the history of the Village Sangkimah, there are 4 people who eat a crocodile, and a new three crocodiles captured. Estimated age is approximately 20 years old crocodile.

Crocodile captured this time is the fourth. However, in terms of size, not for a second crocodile captured and preserved in the Museum Tenggarong, Kukar (Kukar). Nor greater than the crocodiles captured in the village of Manubar, March 2010. "But here there is still a very large crocodile. Approximately eight feet in length, "said Andi. Crocodiles often appear in estuaries. However, the biggest crocodile just cowards. Never made a problem with humans and tend to shy away.

Since 1999, there were four people who became victims of crocodile in the Village Sangkimah malignancy. They are Ratna happened in 1999, Rahmatia (2000), Daeng Malewa (2003) and Selamet (2004).

Until now, people are still uneasy with the ferocity of a crocodile Sangkimah. Residents no one dared to bathe in the river width is only approximately 4 meter. If they choose to draw water from the shower over the stream. That, too, which is used to draw water bucket frequently attacked by crocodiles.
READ MORE - crocodile Sangkimah

giant crocodile captured

A giant crocodile captured in the Philippines. 6.4 meter long crocodile was captured in a small river in Bunawan, Agusan del Sur province after three weeks of being hunted by fishery and forestry officials.
Crocodile weighing 1075 pounds was captured alive after officers set a trap to catch the animal.
Catching a giant crocodile has been warmly welcomed by local residents. Why, it's jumbo animal believed to be responsible for a series of attacks on humans and other animals.
Hunting of crocodiles was started after the animals were devouring a buffalo last month which was witnessed by a number of villagers. Reptiles are also alleged to have killed a fisherman who disappeared in July and a girl who disappeared in 2010.
According to Ronald Nuer, project director of District Council Bunawan, as reported by the website of The Inquisitr, Tuesday (6-9), officials and residents took 21 days to catch the male alligator. In fact it took 100 men to attract the crocodile from river.
Crocodile will then be placed in a wildlife park in Agusan, about 830 kilometers southeast of Manila, the Philippine capital.
"That would be the biggest star of the park," said Mayor Edwin Cox Elorde as precise. He said villagers are now happy because they can make it dangerous crocodiles as an asset of the previous threats.
But despite the giant crocodile has been captured, the villagers still have to be aware of several other crocodiles that still roam the region has a population of around 37 thousand people.
READ MORE - giant crocodile captured

crocodile scare motorists

A crocodile scare motorists during rush hour traffic on a road crowded tourist attractions in northern Australia on Thursday, when the animal emerges from the water line and then "hang around" to the road before cornered by a few street cleaners.

Reptiles are relatively small with a size of 1.5 meters that emerged from the water channel in the main street in Cairns, gateway to the Great Barrier Reef, at about 08:00 local time, witnesses said.

"Animals are just out of the water channel, but did not chase us," said a street worker told the Cairns Post newspaper, as quoted by AFP, which monitored ANTARA here on Thursday night. "It was just a young animal` a `cocky, but may have scared some kid on the way to school," he added.

Some of the street cleaners who were not far and the police used a broom to prevent the animal approached the people who watch and finally the crocodile was captured by several officers and men who watched with a towel.

"The animal jumped off and began to whip his tail. Nobody knows what to do," said one eyewitness told ABC radio.

"There was a young man (road workers), a Queensland Parks and Wildlife officers and a policeman sitting in the back of the crocodile was in the main street of Cairns," he added.

On average two people die each year in Australia by saltwater crocodiles, which in the country known as "salties". Crocodiles can have up to seven meters long and weighs over a ton.
READ MORE - crocodile scare motorists


Crocodiles are reptiles that have a physical form similar to a giant lizard. Crocodile, Animal Purba a fierce and unique. Crocodiles are large reptiles that live in water. Scientifically speaking, covers all species of crocodile Crocodylidae tribal members, including the crocodile fish (Tomistoma schlegelii). However this name can also be worn loosely to refer to the 'crocodile' alligators, Kaiman and gavial; the crocodile relatives of different tribes.

Crocodiles are generally inhabit freshwater habitats like rivers, lakes, swamps and other wetlands, but there also live in brackish water such as estuarine crocodiles. Crocodile is the main food animals such as the vertebrate fish, reptiles and mammals, sometimes prey on mollusks and crustaceans depend on the species. Crocodiles are ancient animals, which is only slightly changed because of evolution since the age of dinosaurs.

Known also name a few areas to mention crocodiles, such as buhaya (Sd.); buhaya (bjn); aged or pickpocket (Jw.; bicokok (Btw.), bekatak, or crocodiles frogs to mention smallish crocodile fat; senyulong, crocodile jolong-jolong (Mly.), or alligator for the first time-for the first time to refer to the crocodile fish, crocodiles pandanus, the crocodiles are greenish; copper alligator, crocodile brownish yellow; and others.

In English crocodile known as crocodile. The name is derived from the mention of the Greeks against the alligator they saw in the Nile, krokodilos; word formations that stem from kroko word, meaning 'gravel', and deilos which means 'worm' or 'people'. They call it "worm rock" because watching habits of crocodiles bask on the banks of the river is rocky.

Physical and behavioral

Crocodiles, like dinosaurs, have the ribs are modified into gastralia. Outside of its ancient crocodile reptiles are actually complex. Unlike the usual reptiles, crocodiles have a four-heart bear, midriff (diaphragm) and the cerebral cortex. On the other hand, the outer morphology clearly shows the way of living aquatic predators. He was a "streamlined" allows it to swim fast. Crocodile folded her legs back attached to his body, to reduce water resistance and enhance speed allowed during swimming. The toes are webbed swimming behind him, which, although not used as a driving force when swimming fast, the membrane is very handy when he had to suddenly turn around or make sudden movements in the water, or to start swimming. Webbed feet, is also an advantage when crocodiles need to move or walk in shallow water.

His tongue stuck in their mouth alligator and crocodile can not menggerakkanya free like us.

In addition to very quickly move in the water, crocodiles are also able to walk on land with a speed of about 28 miles / hour or about 45 km / hour.

Crocodiles can move very quickly over short distances, even out of water. This beast has a very strong jaws, which can bite with incredible power, making it an animal with the biggest bite force. Pressure bites crocodile is no less than 5,000 psi (pounds per square inch; equivalent to 315 kg / cm ²); compared with bite forces rottweiler that only 335 psi, the great white shark of 400 psi, or hyena (hyena) around 800-1000 psi. Crocodile teeth pointed and sharp, very useful for holding prey. Crocodile attacks its prey by biting prey to pounce at the same time, then pull firmly and abruptly into the water. Therefore, the muscles around the jaw in such a well developed so it can shut very strong. The mouth that has been shut so also extremely difficult to open, similar to the bite of the gecko. But vice versa, the muscles that function to open the crocodile's mouth is very weak. Researchers crocodile large enough wrapping adhesive tape (duct tape) several times, or tie a rubber inner tube at the end of the snout shut, for keeping your mouth shut while it is still carried out observations and measurements, or when to transport the animal safely. Alligator claws and nails were strong and sharp, but the neck is very stiff so that the crocodile is not so easy to attack sideways or backward.

Crocodile tails act as paddles when swimming, so it helps to move fast in the water.

Crocodiles also have 4 mazes in his heart so similar to humans again. A crocodile can not sweat because they do not have sweat glands, the crocodile released his body heat through the mouth by a yawn.

Crocodiles prey on fish, birds, mammals, and occasionally also other smaller alligators. This reptile is an ambush predator, he waited for prey, land animals, or fish over and jump on him abruptly. As the cold-blooded animals, these predators can survive long enough without food, and seldom really need to move to hunt their prey. Although it seems slow, crocodiles are top predators in their environment, and some species have been observed attacking and killing sharks. Bird kettle exception is Egypt, which is known to have a symbiotic relationship with crocodiles. That said, this kettle bird used to eat animal parasites that live in the mouth of a crocodile, and for that the king of the river opened her mouth wide and let the pot go clean it up.

In the breeding season and nesting crocodiles can be very aggressive and easily attack humans or other animals approaching. In the spawning season is very ferocious crocodiles guard their nests and eggs. Parent female alligator usually keep their eggs with buried under mounds of earth or sand mixed with the litter of leaves. Parent then stayed with him from a distance of about 2 meters.

Crocodile embryos do not have sex chromosomes, the chromosomes that determine sex of the child to be hatched. So not as human beings, sex is determined genetically crocodile no. Instead, sex is determined by the incubation temperature or the temperature of the nest where the eggs hatched. In the estuarine crocodile, a temperature of about 31.6 ° C will result in males, slightly lower or higher than the figure would produce a female crocodile. Egg incubation period is about 80 days, depending on the average temperature of the nest.

Crocodile suspected to have the instinct to return to their homes of origin or often called homing instinct. Three tail ferocious crocodiles in northern Australia have been moved to a new location, as far as 400 km, using a helicopter. But in three weeks these animals are known to have arrived back at the place of origin. This incident was observed through a tracking device installed on the reptile's body.

According to current knowledge, the crocodile has a closer kinship with birds and dinosaurs, compared to most reptiles generally. The first three groups, plus a group of pterosaurs, classified into a large group Archosauria (= 'reptile which controls'

Calculating Age Crocodile

Crocodiles can live up to 60 years old. Almost the same as modern humans.

There is no conclusive way to calculate the age of crocodiles, in addition to knowing penetasannya first time, although there are several techniques that have been developed. The most common method used to estimate the length of this animal is by counting growth rings in bones and teeth. Each layer of the circle illustrates the change in growth rate, which may be caused by changes in the dry and rainy seasons are repeated every year. Keeping in mind these inaccuracies, the oldest crocodile species is probably the biggest. Estuarine crocodile (C. porosus) is estimated to average life of up to 70 years, with a few individuals that are proven to exceed 100 years. One of the oldest crocodiles recorded died in Russia at the age of the zoo about 115 years.

A male freshwater crocodiles that are kept in Zoo Australia was estimated to be 130 years old. He was rescued Bob Irwin and Steve Irwin from the wild after being shot twice by hunters. As a result of gunfire, the crocodile (which is now dubbed as "Mr.. Freshy") lost his right eye.

Physical Size Cost

Crocodile body size varies greatly from species to species, ranging from the dwarf crocodile to the giant estuarine crocodiles. Large-bodied species can grow longer than 5 m and has a weight exceeding 1,200 kg.

However, babies only crocodile measuring about 20 cm when hatched from eggs. Largest crocodile species are estuarine crocodiles, which live in Southeast Asia to the northern Australia.

The size of the largest estuarine crocodile is still debated. The biggest crocodile ever recorded was a giant estuarine crocodiles along the 8.6 m, which was shot by a school teacher in Australia. While the largest living crocodile is a crocodile along the estuary of 7.1 m in Bhitarkanika Wildlife Sanctuary, Orissa, India. In June 2006, his record is recorded in The Guinness Book of World Records.

Reported the largest crocodile ever found is kind of saltwater crocodiles or salt water with a length reaches 6.5 meters.

One type of saltwater crocodiles, but it seems that alligators have only 3-4 meters long. While the alligator has the shortest maximum growth is Caviers Dwarf crocodile CARMA type which has only about 1.5 meters long.

Two other records are authoritative about the size of the largest crocodile is a record two male crocodiles along the 6.2 m. The first crocodile was shot in the Mary River, Northern Territory, Australia in 1974 by a poacher, which is then measured by a forestry officer. While the second crocodile was killed in the Fly River, Papua New Guinea. The size of the second crocodile is actually derived from the skin, as measured by Jerome Montague, a wildlife researcher. And because the skin is always smaller size (shrink) the size of the original animal, the crocodile is believed that at least size 10 cm longer when alive.

The biggest crocodile that ever kept in captivity is an estuarine crocodile crossbreed with Siamese crocodile named Yai hatched on June 10, 1972 at the Garden's famous Samutprakarn crocodile in Thailand. These reptiles have a body length of up to 6 m and reached 1114.27 kg weight.

Another giant pet crocodile is a crocodile named Gomek estuary. This animal was captured by George Craig in Papua New Guinea and then sold to St. Petersburg. Augustine Alligator Farm in Florida, USA. This crocodile died of heart disease in February 1997 in a fairly old age. According to the captivity, when the dead Gomek 5.5 m in length and may be aged between 70-80 years.

Bhitarkanika the largest crocodile expected along the 7.62 m These allegations gained the experts based on the size of a crocodile skull held by the Kanika Royal Family. Crocodiles are likely to be shot dead near Dhamara around 1926 and then the skull preserved by the King of Kanika at the time. Length above allegations obtained through the calculation, keeping in mind that the length of a crocodile skull about one-seventh the total length of its body.
READ MORE - Crocodiles

giant crocodile

weighs a ton giant crocodile captured in Bunawan City, the Philippines had not eaten for six days. Crocodiles are already attracting the attention of the tourists are likely crowned as the world's largest crocodile.

"We came into this place because the report says, since the arrest, giant crocodiles do not eat for several days. Many residents threw stones at the crocodile is so moving. We are concerned that these crocodiles are under stress," said Wildlife Director Theresa Mundita, as quoted by the Associated Press on Saturday (09/10/2011).

Elorde Bunawan Mayor Edwin Cox also stated, these wild animals seemed no appetite though given a chicken.

Officer Ronnie margaasatwa Sumiller that captures this crocodile, called by the name of the giant animals howled. Ronnie said the alligator appeared to stress when captured.

But Ronnie said, normal for a crocodile when experiencing stress after being set up and arrested. Animals like the howl is also rumored to not have to eat every day, she was even strong enough to withstand hunger for six months.

Giant crocodile that has a length of approximately six meters is estimated to 50 years old. Crocodiles are also being investigated by officers of animal conservation.

Hunting is howl conducted over three weeks by the citizens and arrest a little to calm local residents because in 2009, howl allegedly killed a fisherman and a boy. However, Sumiller states, howled never spewed human body parts.

Elorde had previously hoped howled will be the center of attraction for eco-tourism sector of the Philippines and will be the biggest star in the wildlife park.
READ MORE - giant crocodile

Thursday, September 1, 2011


Hagfish are not true fish, as they do not have a backbone. They are found in the waters around New Zealand, especially in southern seas. Hagfish locate prey by using the sensitive tentacles at the front of their head to detect smell and movement. The hagfish is a true monster of the deep. To see why, one only has to examine its greusome feeding habits. A hagfish begins its feeding process by attaching itself to a passing fish. Once firmly attached, it then bores its way inside its unsuspecting host. Once inside, the hagfish will actually eat the fish's flesh with a specialized rasping tongue. It literally eats its victim from the inside out. When no large prey can be found, hagfish will feed on worms and other small invertebrates they find on the ocean floor. Hagfish have a very slow metabolism and can go for months without feeding. They can sometimes be a nuisance to fishermen because they can spoil an entire catch of deep sea fish before the catch can be hauled to the surface. One catch of fish can contain hundreds of hagfish.
READ MORE - Hagfish

thorny devil

The thorny devil is not aggressive. It has quite a few ways of hiding or defending itself if threatened:
•It can change colour to match its surroundings.
•It can protect its head and trick a predator by hiding its head between its front legs, leaving its false head showing.
•If a predator tries to flip it onto its back, the thorny devil uses its spikes and curved tail to anchor itself onto the ground.
•It can imitate a leaf flicked by a breeze.
•It can puff itself up to look larger.

body of the thorny devil has a very rigid structure which aids the thorny devil in collecting water. Amazingly, in between the cone shaped spikes of the thorny devil, little channels form along the thorny devils body which enables the thorny devil to collect water from any part of its body which is then transported to the mouth of the thorny devil.

The thorny devil also has a pretend head at the back of its neck which is used to mislead oncoming predators. The thorny devil dips its real head down and is therefore able to have a slight advantage on other animals. The thorny devil feeds mainly on ants and collects the much need moisture at night time generally from forming dew drops. The thorny devil can eat some thousands of ants every day, which is remarkable for such a small creature.

READ MORE - thorny devil

Giant isopod

Giant isopods are of little interest to most commercial fisheries owing to the typical scarcity of catches and because ensnared isopods are usually scavenged beyond marketability before they are recovered. The species are noted for resemblance to the common woodlouse or pill bug, to which they are related.

Giant Isopods are opportunistic, carnivorous feeders, and they have to be! They live in an area where food is scarce, and so they will gorge on whatever they can find. This often includes parts of dead fish and larger marine creatures, and it is believed that they may also hunt slow moving deep sea dwellers as well. They are also capable of surviving for weeks without food, and adaptation that helps them to survive.

giant isopod is a carnivorous crustacean that spends its time scavenging the deep sea floor. Food is extremely scarce at these great depths, so the isopod has adapted to eat what ever happens to fall from above. This includes the bodies of dead whales, fish, and squid. It is believed that the isopod will also feed on some slow-moving animals such as sea cucumbers and sponges. The giant isopod has a complex mouth that with many components that work together to pierce, shred, and disembowel their prey.

In the deep sea, critters tend become either dwarfs or giants. This is because of food limitation – small animals require less food, and very large animals are more efficient. The giant squid is the most famous example of gigantism, but the giant isopod is much more near and dear to my heart. Isopods are essentially roly-poly bugs.
READ MORE - Giant isopod


Jerboas are nocturnal. During the heat of the day, they shelter in burrows. They create four separate types of burrow: two temporary, and two permanent.

The jerboa appears to face an uncertain future. As it always has, the animal faces a number of predators, especially those that feed at night. These include, for instance, owls, snakes, foxes, jackals and, in populated areas, house cats. The greater long-term threat, however, would seem to be habitat loss, inflicted by man.
jerboa's range extends from Asia west southwestward across northern Africa. It often favors arid sandy habitats such as the Gobi Desert, where temperatures may fall to near zero during the cold of winter, and the Sahara Desert, where temperatures may rise to more than 130 degrees Fahrenheit in the heat of summer. Foraging primarily at night, the jerboa eats plants, seeds and insects, depending on its food to meet its need for water. It may never actually drink free water throughout its life. Length (head and body), two to six inches, depending on the species; weight, less than an ounce up to a few ounces.Skull, shaped much like that of a mouse or rat; nose, strong, adapted for tunneling burrows for refuge; eyes, large, adapted for nocturnal activity; ears, proportionally large to very large, depending on species, and protected by bristly hairs; teeth, curved and grooved chisel-like incisors and strong molars, adapted for eating the tough plant materials of arid lands; sensory whiskers, long and adapted for feeling immediate surroundings in the darkness of night or within burrows. Roughly mouse- or rat-shaped, covered with long silky soft fur, generally (depending on the species) buff to dark sandy colored on upper parts, lighter colored under parts. Hind legs, typically four times longer than forelegs, designed for prodigious leaps--up to six to seven feet in height and perhaps ten feet in length; hind feet, large, with central bones fused for added strength and support in leaping; toes, four (Asiatic jerboas) or three (African jerboas); digits and soles, equipped with hair tufts to enhance mobility -- something like snow shoes -- in loose sand; forelegs, small, arm-like with forepaws designed for digging burrows and handling food. Typically longer than head and body, used for support and balance when standing, may be tufted.

A few of the jerboa species -- for instance, the five-toed pygmy jerboa (Cardiocranius paradoxus) and the thick-tailed pygmy jerboa (Salpingotus crassicauda) -- are currently considered as threatened. Other species -- for example, the long-eared jerboa (Euchoreutes naso), of the Gobi Desert, and the well known lesser Egyptian jerboa (Jaculus jaculus), of northern Africa and the Arabian Peninsula -- appear on the International Union for the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources Red List of Threatened Species, although they are ranked among those of "Least Concern."

A nocturnal animal that spends most of its daylight hours sequestered beneath the surface of the ground, the jerboa has kept much of its behavior secret. It is, however, best known for its leaping ability, which it uses to escape predators. "When about to spring," said the Encyclopedia Britannica, 9th Edition, the jerboa "raises its body by means of the hinder extremities, and supports itself at the same time upon its tail, while the forefeet are so closely pressed to the breast as to be scarcely visible... It then leaps into the air and alights upon its four feet, but instantaneously erecting itself, it makes another spring, and so on in such rapid succession as to appear as if rather flying than running." The jerboa can move 15 to 16 miles per hour. When not in flight, the jerboa walks upright or hops.

Some species, for instance, the long-eared jerboa, have been recommended for more research by international environmental organizations. The jerboa's range, population trends, threats and management requirements need to be better understood if the animal is to be assured of long-term survival.

READ MORE - jerboa