Wednesday, October 26, 2011

Bees Tiger

Bees Tiger
This giant-sized bees are insects that live in Asia. Insect which is the mortal enemy of a praying mantis has a sting that is large enough to kill a profit - big profits as the tarantula. This bee venom possess a higher dose of any bees, so that it can cause death to humans when stung by bees in large quantities.

In Japan alone, the bee is at least killed 40 people in a year and make people fear. Bees sting Tigers actually only use as a defense, and to hunt prey, they use powerful jaws to kill smaller prey.

There is a story about these bees, a rancher from the European honey bee bee Tigers try to combine this with the type of honey bees for the purpose of crossing the two types of bees for honey production more because of the size of the tiger a larger bees than honey bees.

But what happened? Bees tiger numbered only a few are destroying all of the honey bee colony in just a few days.

No one was left of the honey bee, all killed by a tiger bee, the European honey bee colonies when it amounted to about 30,000 bees. Maybe that's depiction of how ferociously these bees, but bees are not the type of bee honey bees from fittest because Japan has a trick and a special way to kill bees this tiger.

First they will encircle this tiger bees, then by relying on their numbers are many, they form a dense ball-shaped formation and swarms of bees surrounded the tiger.

This Japanese honey bees then begin to flap their wings more rapidly, giving rise to heat in the formation of the ball until the temperature reached 47 degrees Celsius.

At this temperature, tiger bee trapped in the formation of solid ball was not going to survive and will die slowly. Proverb sky above the sky is still there seemed indeed suitable for this story.
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grasshoppers Worship

grasshoppers Worship
Praying mantis is one of the best insect killer with physical support that support it as a true predator. Although the species is also widely, but the praying mantis or mantis famous for its specially designed front legs to capture prey.

These insects are waiting for their prey by relying on camouflage his body and when its prey by, he will soon be ambushed by a high speed. Preying mantises usually animal - small animals. These insects are also known to eat their prey directly because he also has a strong jaw.
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insect killer

insect killer
Insect killer is a type of insect that has the ability to kill the best among insects - insects. There are many kinds, but most are harmless to humans.

Oh yes, insects - insects have their own specialty in killing prey. There are species that only kill the spider, there is also the only hunting ants and flies.

Insect killer armed with the mouth shaped like a needle, which serves to inject a lethal saliva. Water will digest the eggs of this organ in the prey.

Like other insects that are not capable of consuming prey directly, the insect is sucking the body fluids of its prey. Not pictured is not what if these giant animals.
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Anai - termite

Anai - termite / retreat - retreat
Anai - termite insect is certainly not familiar to us. Animals are believed to be a blood pressure-lowering drugs should not be underestimated. Possible for us termite - a small insect termite only unique because of its unique way of movement, which is backwards.

But for insects - insects such as ants smaller, termite - termite is a ferocious predator that should be avoided. Anai - termite itself is a larval stage before metamorphosis perfect.

Usually termite - termite found in many places - sandy places due to their anatomy and how to move termite - termite is perfect for making a sand trap in place.

Anai - termite will wait grounded funnel-shaped trap, and when there is an insect that unlucky because of a fall in the trap, the insects will be difficult to escape.

Because the trap is located in sandy areas, then the prey will be difficult to ride because he would slip back and become termite food - termite. If you are curious, please see the termite nest pictures - termite on top of this, if there are ants that happen to get into his trap, then you will see how it kills its prey insects perfectly.
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Tiger beetle

Tiger beetle
Everyone also knows if the cheetah is the fastest animal on earth that can run up to 115 km / h. Compared with this tiger beetle, would be very much the comparison because the beetle is only capable of running at speeds up to 8 km / h.

But wait, if the size of the beetle is similar to the cheetah, the cheetah will then struggling pursuing this weevil because it is capable of running as fast as 500 kilometers / h and probably will replace the cheetah as the fastest animal on earth, even the artificial mass supersport car will be difficult after him.

That glimpse of the capabilities of this beetle. He moves so fast, until - until he had to stop several times to determine the location of prey.

After he determines the location of prey, he ran quickly to grab its prey. Besides relying on speed as a weapon to kill prey, beetle also has a strong jaw.

Because of its exceptional ability, this beetle used by humans to control pests such as caterpillars, grasshoppers and other insects.
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The robber flies

The robber flies

We all must be familiar with the flies - flies flying around us. Flies are more commonly known as a carrier of disease germs, even from the school, the flies are considered as detrimental to the human animal. Flies that we often see at home is just one of many fly species ever found.

According to scientists, about 120,000 species of flies have been identified and some of them are deadly predators are completely different from that we often encounter flies, and robber flies are one of them.

These flies have a sharp eyesight, can fly at high speeds, and catch their prey in midair. When the fly gets its prey, he will inject a neurotoxin through his mouth and digestive juices which are designed in such a way, then he would suck the prey body fluids to dry.

Almost all kinds of small insects are the prey of these flies, even jairng spiders are not able to withstand the strong pace of these flies. Although these flies have a poison, but it is not harmful to humans, only if bitten by flies, then the pain will be tremendous.
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adult Goliath Beetle

The beetle will then harden, to a shell called an exoskeleton, still underground.
When the wet season arrives again it will be awakened to emerge from its underground home when the water soaks down to soften the shell of its encasement.

He or she will then fly away in search of a potential mate and the entire things begin again.

Adult Goliath beetles will eat nearly any food that is high in sugar or glucose, particularly tree sap. They will also eat fruit, when it is very ripe.

Goliath beetles have a first pair of wings which are protective covers for their secondary pair of wings. Only the second pair of wings is actually used for flying.

The adult Goliath Beetle will take flight immediately, in search of mating opportunities. Though in captivity the Goliath Beetle is known to live for up to a year, those in the wild have a much less stable and protected life. He has many predators, and is often wrecked by harsh weather patterns. Feasting on the compound sugars in over ripened fruits and dense saps, he will settle with fresh fruits when supplies are short. His most important job finished with the completion of the mating season, the Goliath Beetle is merely wandering about in hopes of finding delicious treats. The end of his life in the wild usually occurs with 6 to 8 months of his first flight.

Goliath beetles are some of the largest insects in the world both as adults and larvae. It is thought that Goliath beetles are the heaviest of all the insects. Larvae can weigh as much as 100 grams and adults 50-60 grams, the adults can also reach 12 centimetres in length.

Goliath beetles are a subfamily, the Cetoniinae, within the Family Scarabaeidae (the Scarabs). The beetles are native to tropical regions of Africa. Adult beetles feed on plant sap or fruit but little is known about the larvae which can feed for many months before pupating. It is thought the larvae feed on rotting wood in the wild but, evidence from rearing these beetles in captivity, suggests they require more protein in their diet than other scarab beetles.
READ MORE - adult Goliath Beetle

Horse fly

Horse fly repellents are today very common chemicals readily available offline as well as online, so very technically, you are literally a few clicks away from some serious horse fly control treatments if you happen to have an infestation on your property. Normally, if you purchase a good repellent product, treatment will only consist of spraying the chemical on your horse to make sure the offensive horse flies are kept at bay. Alternatively, it is generally acknowledged that you can create your own horse fly repellent at home rather successfully. Many people are known to have done so. One of the most popular recipes is as follows. If you take half a teaspoon of what is known as myrrh oil and mix it with 2 cups of water, half a cup of apple cider vinegar and like a quarter of a teaspoon of citronella oil, it should turn out to be a perfect horse fly control repellent. It is also believed that adding like a tablespoon of apple cider vinegar to your horse’s feed on a daily basis helps. This is because this makes the horse smell slightly like vinegar, a scent most horse flies detest.

Horse flies and deer flies are intermittent feeders. Their painful bites generally elicit a response from the victim so the fly is forced to move to another host. Consequently, they may be mechanical vectors of some animal and human diseases.

Horse flies and deer flies can be serious nuisances around swimming pools. They may be attracted by the shiny surface of the water or by movement of the swimmers. There are no effective recommendations to reduce this problem.

Horse flies and deer flies like sunny areas and usually will not enter barns or deep shade. If animals have access to protection during the day, they can escape the constant attack of these annoying pests. They can graze at night when the flies are not active.
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Friday, October 21, 2011

black mamba

The black mamba is Africa’s deadliest snake. Untreated, its bite has a fatality rate of 100 percent, making it a killer among killers on a continent where it is thought that nearly 20,000 people die of snake bites each year, and the residents of Swaziland in southern Africa have suffered losses for generations. With essentially no access to anti-venom, many people turn to traditional healers for help, but their herbal remedies always fail, leaving Swazis feeling fearful and defenseless against one of their nation’s most infamous killers.

Swaziland resident Clifton Koen doesn’t really care for snakes, but his wife, Thea Litschka-Koen, is crazy about them. With her husband’s sometimes reluctant help, she has endeavored to change attitudes about black mambas and other snakes found in the area. In addition to starting the nation’s only reptile park, devoted to educating the public and providing a refuge for the animals, the two have become the region’s go-to experts for safe, humane snake removal from homes, schools, resorts and workplaces. In the course of catching and relocating any number of snakes per day, Thea and Clifton give impromptu lessons about the snakes, covering fact and fiction, and do their best to prevent any unnecessary casualties – human or reptile.

In addition to their other efforts, Thea and Clifton developed a program designed to track black mambas in the wild for the first time and to gain new insights into their behavior. With the help of a snake expert from Johannesburg, they were able to surgically insert radio transmitters in a number of captured black mambas, allowing them to follow the snakes after their release. If their research pays off, they may be able to show that their relocations are working, successfully removing snakes from residential areas for the long term, and thereby bringing some relief to the locals and some respite for the snakes
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Western Tiger Snake

Western Tiger Snake is common over most of its range in south-western Western Australia. The stunning yellow pattern is typical of the Western Tiger Snake.

The Western Tiger Snake shelters in or under fallen and rotting timber, in abandoned animal burrows, and under rocks and dense vegetation.

Like all members of the Tiger Snake group, this subspecies is capable of delivering a fatal bite to a human.

Adults hunt for frogs, lizards, small mammals, and nesting birds during the day and evening, and are known to hunt for frogs on wet nights.

The Western Tiger Snake can get up to about 1.6 metres in length. When they feel threatened they flatten their neck out to make themselves look bigger.

Like the other Tiger Snake subspecies, Western Tiger Snakes produce live young. Up to 90 young can be produced in a single litter, but between 10 and 30 is a more common litter size.

Did you know…
The stunning yellow pattern is typical of western tiger snakes.
Like all members of the Tiger Snake group, this subspecies is capable of delivering a fatal bite to a human.
When the Western Tiger Snake feels threatened they flatten their neck out to make themselves look bigger.
Like the other tiger snake subspecies, western tiger snakes produce live young.
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Tiger Snake

The Tiger Snake is on our most deadly list. The Tiger snake is between 1 to 2 meters in length. Its color can vary greatly from gray to brown to almost black with light yellow bands around its body. Some tiger snakes though, have no bands.

This is a shy snake which can easily be avoided by making lots of noise when you walk. They move away from danger. It’s a very venomous snake, and it will give a dangerous bite if trapped or mad. This snake has live babies, up to around 30 at a time! They are mostly born in the summer.

The diet of the tiger snake includes frogs, lizards, baby birds, and mice. This snake is becoming rarer because of several factors: the draining of the swamps for farming, the decline in the frog population (also due to the draining of the swamps), and the appearance of other snakes as the swamp land disappears. The new snakes tend to eat up all of the food that would normally be eaten by the tiger snake.
READ MORE - Tiger Snake



Saw scaled viper (Echis carinatus) distribution includes Africa, the Middle East, to India.
Although he was quite small, but in this case it includes the ranking ke9.hal killing was due to several factors that these snakes are very aggressive and capable of injecting 80% of his property without a doubt could ², unlike other venomous snake venom as a backup store. The second factor above causes can lead to death of this snake is quite a lot. The distinctive feature of this snake is that he make a sound by rubbing her skin so that it reads, in contrast with the rattle snake who wiggles his tail.

Color is light buff with shades of brown, dull red, or gray. Its sides have a white or light-colored pattern. Its head usually has two dark stripes that start behind the eye and extend to the rear.

A small but extremely dangerous viper. It gets the name saw-scaled from rubbing the sides of its body together, producing a rasping sound. This ill-tempered snake will attack any intruder. Its venom is highly hemotoxic and quite potent. Many deaths are attributed to this species.

Found in a variety of environments. It is common in rural settlements, cultivated fields, arid regions, barns, and rock walls.

Average 45 centimeters, maximum 60 centimeters.

Asia, Syria, India, Africa, Iraq, Iran, Saudi Arabia, Pakistan, Jordan, Lebanon, Sri Lanka, Algeria, Egypt, and Israel.


Snakes are reptiles that no-legged and long bodied. Snakes have scales like a lizard and are equally classified into scaly reptiles (Squamata). The difference is generally legged lizards, have ears, and eyelids that can open the lid. However, for cases of no-legged lizards (eg Ophisaurus spp.) This distinction becomes blurred and can not hold onto.

The snake is one reptile that developed the world's most successful. In the mountains, forests, deserts, plains, farms, residential neighborhood, right down to the sea, can be found snake. Only, as is generally cold-blooded animals, snakes increasingly rare in cold places, such as on mountaintops, in the area Irlanda and New Zealand and the snow fields or polar regions.

Many kinds of snakes all his life wandering in the woods and almost never touch the ground. Many other kinds of reptiles live above the ground surface or infiltrate infiltrate beneath litter or a pile of rocks. While some of the other living aquatic or semi-aquatic in rivers, swamps, lakes and seas.

Snakes prey on various species of animals smaller than himself. Aquatic snakes prey on fish, frogs, tadpoles, and even fish eggs. Tree snake and terrestrial snakes prey on birds, mammals, frogs, reptile species, including the eggs. Big snakes like the python development may prey on goats, deer, deer and even humans.
Misguided Anaconda often happens when people called anaconda, anaconda snake species is not a name but it is another name for the genus Eunectes. Anaconda although he does not have a big can, they kill their victims by twisting and pressing his victim until eventually there were complications between shortness of breath and high blood pressure that led to the rupture of blood vessels (rupture., jd inget bloodseeker). This snake umumny solitary life with a broad area of ​​territory, in the movie Anaconda: The Hunt for the Blood Orchid Indonesia who take the setting d sebenarny Anaconda was not, but the snake killer to 6 we
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insects like crickets

In some countries such as China, Thailand, Laos, can we find a very unique food, ie insects like crickets, caterpillars, centipedes, scorpions can be eaten. There are certain circles who like to eat food like this. Obviously for us it is difficult to eat, because these insects are really disgusting to us. But if you want to just try and taste the little does not hurt anyway (?)

Besides the insects mentioned above, there are also other reptiles such as spiders, lizards and snakes. All this served in the form of fried foods. For if you want a fresh scorpion is provided that is still alive and ready to be fried. The price ranges between 10 thousand - 20 thousand dollars (if kurs right into our currency) 1 stitch.
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Komodo dragon

Some biologists have reported spectacular findings, which formed as a single species of giant lizard, reptile with a long-sized adults and awarded the two sexes.
Reptiles hidden but it's brightly colored, monitor lizard, is a close cousin of the Komodo dragon in Indonesia, said the biologist, on Wednesday (6 / 4), as quoted by AFP and Reuters.
But not like dragons, scary, it's the hunted animals for meat is a carnivore and do not eat rotten meat. In fact, the animal has always been peaceful and enjoyed the fruits.
The lizard, which is named "Varanus bitatawa", has a length of six feet but weighs only 20 pounds, according to calculations published by the Royal Society, Britain, and was quoted by AFP and Reuters.
The animal was found in a river valley on the island of Luzon, northern Philippines, once able to survive due to habitat loss and hunting by local people - who use it as food, says Rafe Brown of the University of Kansas - whose team confirmed the findings.
The number of lizards that survive unknown.
Species are almost certainly is a very endangered animals, and may already be extinct without inserted into the list if only large males was rescued by a hunter in June.
"Animals that live in trees, so his body can not for the Komodo dragon, a very large animals that eat so much fresh meat," Brown said by telephone told Reuters reporters. "These animals are predators of fruit and fruit-eating lizard third in the world."
Finding a large vertebrate species are rare events, Brown said. The lizard, new species of Varanus species, can be shy and hide from humans, its main predators, and may explain why the animal had gone undetected by scientists in a very long time.
Biologists first saw pictures of the brightly colored lizards in 2001, when people are researching the area to meet with some of the hunters who was carrying a dead lizard colorful, but the species at that time gave no scientific recognition.
Within a few years later, Brown said, experts etnobiologi kept hearing stories "about the two types of lizards are favored by many people because of their meat tastes better than the lizards that live in soil; animals were described as larger animals with more bright colors" .
Both types of lizards are described by the local community are two names for the same animal, Brown said.
In 2009, undergraduate students at the end of a two-month expedition constantly find signs of large lizards. There is a nail scratches on trees and shrubs pandanus tree, whose fruits are preferred by lizards.
Some hunters who had heard the team's interest to bring an adult male lizards are almost dead to their camp. The team shut down the animal and genetic examination confirm it as a unique species, Brown said.
DNA analysis shows there is a deep genetic differences between the new lizard and his immediate family, "monitor lizard", which are also predators of fruit but live in the southern tip of Luzon Island, and not in the far north - a place to live "monitor lizard" forest.
The discovery of such rare species in densely populated areas, places that have lost so many plants, "a wonderful surprise", according to some authors report in the journal Biology Letters.
Another important finding in decades is kipunji monkey, which inhabits a small group of forests in Tanzania, and saola-cow family that lived in the forest and is only found in Vietnam and Laos.
"Varanus bitatawa" has a unique and unusual sexual anatomy, the study said.
Legs and a scaly body filled with blue-black color with dots of pale yellow-green, while the tail marked with alternating sections of black and green.
Male lizards have two penises, called hemipene, which is also found in snakes and other lizards.
Both the penis is often used interchangeably, and sometimes contain spines or hooks that bergungsi as an anchor to attach the female lizard during a relationship.
READ MORE - Komodo dragon

Thursday, October 20, 2011


Attached to the dorsal surface of the visceral mass is and hanging freely down the sides of it is the mantle, often called the skirt or pallium. There is a space between the mantle and the viseral mass, this space is greatest towards the rear of the animal where it is called the mantle cavity or the pallial cavity. The mantle cavity generally contains the gills or ctenidia, a water current, generated by beating cillia, enters the mantle cavity at the sides, passes over the gills and departs centrally, i.e. the outward bound current runs out between the two inward bound currents. Near the head, just behind the mouth is a pair or more of ganglia and a nerve ring from which two nerve chords arise that reach out through the body. Molluscs are true coelomic animals, though the coelom they have is small, enclosing only the gonads and the heart where it is called the gonodial cavity and the pericardial cavity respectively.
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Teredo navalis

Mollusc shells have also had a long history of usage by mankind, many have been used as decorations, or as a substance to carve into cameos and buttons. In North America Tusk shells on the west coast and Cockles on the East supplied the basis of a system of money, in many tropical countries the shells of coweries were until recent times used extensively in trade. Pearls, which arise in oysters as a result of the oysters attempts to cover up a grain of sand within its mantle, have been and still are much sort after. The 'mother of pearl' used to make pearl buttons comes from bivalve shells and so great was the market for it that the Mississippi and Missouri river basins have been seriously over collected and the bivalves are now quite scarce. In ancient times the city of Tyre was famous for its purple dye, this dye was made from a marine mollusc called Murex sp. while Sepia, a brown pigment used by artists was, perhaps still is, made from the ink of Cuttlefish. Not all the interactions between man and molluscs are to man's benefit however, slugs and snails are, in some places, serious pests of of crops, and are often a nuisance in peoples gardens. Wooden ships and wharves can be destroyed by burrowing bivalves such as Teredo navalis, known as ship worms, which weaken the timbers until they collapse or fall apart.
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Mollusc shells have also had a long history of usage by mankind, many have been used as decorations, or as a substance to carve into cameos and buttons. In North America Tusk shells on the west coast and Cockles on the East supplied the basis of a system of money, in many tropical countries the shells of coweries were until recent times used extensively in trade. Pearls, which arise in oysters as a result of the oysters attempts to cover up a grain of sand within its mantle, have been and still are much sort after. The 'mother of pearl' used to make pearl buttons comes from bivalve shells and so great was the market for it that the Mississippi and Missouri river basins have been seriously over collected and the bivalves are now quite scarce. In ancient times the city of Tyre was famous for its purple dye, this dye was made from a marine mollusc called Murex sp. while Sepia, a brown pigment used by artists was, perhaps still is, made from the ink of Cuttlefish. Not all the interactions between man and molluscs are to man's benefit however, slugs and snails are, in some places, serious pests of of crops, and are often a nuisance in peoples gardens. Wooden ships and wharves can be destroyed by burrowing bivalves such as Teredo navalis, known as ship worms, which weaken the timbers until they collapse or fall apart.
READ MORE - shells


Molluscs, because of their ease of capture, edibility and beauty have long been important to mankind. Molluscs of many sorts are eaten by humans Abilone, Clams, Cockles, Muscles, Octopus, Oysters, Periwinkles, Scallops, Snails, Squid, Whelks, Winkles and many more are all molluscs and all make there contribution to the human diet. Mankind has been deliberately culturing molluscs as food for a long time and the earliest known records of someone farming molluscs for food come from Rome where one Sergius Orata bred oysters.
READ MORE - Winkles


Most molluscs are marine. Molluscs are very ancient organisms believed to have evolved from a flatworm like ancestor during the Precambrium about 650 million years ago. Because many species secrete a shell of some sort the fossil record is good. Different classes of molluscs have been predominant in the past and the Ammonites represent a group of Cephalopods which were extremely abundant for millions of years before they became extinct. There close relatives the Nautiloid cephalopods were also once very successful but are now only represented in the world by one species, Nautilus.
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After the Arthropods the Molluscs are the most successful of the animal phyla in terms of numbers of species. There are about 110,000 species known to science most of which are marine. They occupy a vast range of habitats however both aquatic and terrestrial, from the arctic seas to small tropical streams and from valleys to mountainsides 7,000 metres high, there are a few adapted to live in deserts and some are parasitic. They also exhibit an enormous range in size, from species which are almost microscopic to the largest of all invertebrates the giant squid which can weighs 270 kg and measures up to 12 metres long in the body, with tentacles as much as another 50 metres in length. Many species are common and many more a beautiful. Most species secrete a shell of some sort, these shells are long lasting and have been collected by human beings for thousands of years, some of these shells, and the pearls which come from oysters, which are also molluscs may be among the earliest forms of money.
READ MORE - Arthropods

Characteristics of Mollusca

Characteristics of Mollusca:
1)Bilaterally symmetrical.
2)Body has more than two cell layers, tissues and organs.
3)Body without cavity.
4)Body possesses a through gut with mouth and anus.
5)Body monomeric and highly variable in form, may possess a dorsal or lateral shells of protein and calcareous spicules.
6)Has a nervous system with a circum-oesophagal ring, ganglia and paired nerve chords.
7)Has an open circulatory system with a heart and an aorta.
8)Has gaseous exchange organs called ctenidial gills.
9)Has a pair of kidneys.
10)Reproduction normally sexual and gonochoristic.
11)Feed a wide range of material.
12)Live in most environments.
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Wednesday, October 19, 2011

Coconut crabs

The coconut crab is eaten by the Pacific islanders and is considered a delicacy and an aphrodisiac, with a taste similar to lobster and crab meat. The most prized parts are the eggs inside the female coconut crab and the fat in the abdomen. Coconut crabs can be cooked like other large crustaceans, by boiling or steaming. Different islands also have a variety of recipes, as for example, coconut crab cooked in coconut milk. While the coconut crab itself is not innately poisonous, it may become so depending on its diet, and cases of coconut crab poisoning have occurred. It is believed that the poison comes from plant toxins, which would explain why some animals are poisonous and others not. Reputedly[citation needed], this poison is considered an aphrodisiac, similar to the highly poisonous pufferfish eaten in Japan. However, coconut crabs are not a commercially significant species and are usually not sold.

Coconut crabs mate frequently and quickly on dry land in the period from May to September, especially in July and August. The male and the female fight with each other, and the male turns the female on her back to mate. The whole mating procedure takes about 15 minutes. Shortly thereafter, the female lays her eggs and glues them to the underside of her abdomen, carrying the fertilized eggs underneath her body for a few months. At the time of hatching, usually October or November, the female coconut crab releases the eggs into the ocean at high tide. The larvae are of the zoea type, as usual for decapod crustaceans. It is reported that all coconut crabs do this on the same night, with many females on the beach at the same time.

The larvae float in the ocean for 28 days, during which a large number of them are eaten by predators. Afterwards, they live on the ocean floor and on the shore as hermit crabs, using discarded shells for protection for another 28 days. At that time, they sometimes visit dry land. As with all hermit crabs, they change their shells as they grow. After these 28 days, they leave the ocean permanently and lose the ability to breathe in water. Young coconut crabs that cannot find a seashell of the right size also often use broken coconut pieces. When they outgrow even coconut shells, they develop a hardened abdomen. About 4 to 8 years after hatching the coconut crab matures and can reproduce. This is an unusually long development period for a crustacean.
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goliath tigerfish

The goliath tigerfish makes its home in the Congo River system in Africa. The toothy, scary-looking creature looks more myth than reality and seems fit for the movie screen. The goliath tigerfish is considered Africa’s equivalent of the South American piranha.

The goliath tigerfish packs 32 razor-sharp teeth that can tear through even a solid steel wire. It has been ranked by “In Fisherman” magazine as one of the top 10 hardest-fighting freshwater fish on our planet. The fish has the scientific name of Hydrocynus Goliath and they can measure up to 2 meters in length and weigh up to 50 kg.

What makes the goliath tigerfish even more of a legend in Africa aside from its looks is the fact that it is an aggressive hunter. With it set of knives for teeth and aggressive temperament, these fish can pose a serious danger for humans. It’s best caught between and nightfall and is a very difficult fish to catch. A 30-40 pound goliath is considered a great catch, while 50-60 pounders would be a monster.
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Mekong giant catfish

The Mekong giant catfish is perhaps the most interesting and most threatened species in the Mekong river. For this reason conservationists have chosen it as a sort of “flagship” species to promote conservation on the Mekong. With recorded sizes of up to 10.5ft (3.2m) and 660lb (300kg), the Mekong’s giant catfish currently holds the Guinness Book of World Record’s position for the world’s largest freshwater fish. Although research projects are currently ongoing, relatively little is known about this species. Historically, the fish had a natural range that reached from the lower Mekong in Vietnam (above the tidally influenced brackish water of the river’s delta) all the way to the northern reaches of the river in the Yunnan province of China, spanning almost the entire 4,800 km length of the river. Due to threats, this species no longer inhabits the majority of its original habitat; it is now believed to only exist in small, isolated populations in the middle Mekong region. Fish congregate during the beginning of the rainy season and migrate upstream to spawn. They live primarily in the main channel of the river, where the water depth is over 10m while researchers, fishermen and officials have found this species in the Tonle Sap river and lake in Cambodia, a UNESCO Biosphere reserve. In the past, fishermen have reported the fish in a number of the Mekong’s tributaries; today, however, essentially no sightings are reported outside of the main Mekong river channel and the Tonle Sap region.

Attaining an unconfirmed length of 3 m, the Mekong giant catfish grows extremely quickly, reaching a mass of 150 to 200 kg in only six years.
The largest catch recorded in Thailand since record-keeping began in 1981 was a female measuring 2.7 m (roughly 9 feet) in length and weighing 293 kg (646 lb). This specimen, caught in 2005, is widely recognized as the largest freshwater fish ever caught (although sturgeon can far exceed this size, they can be anadromous). Thai Fisheries officials stripped the fish of its eggs as part of a breeding programme, intending then to release it, but the fish died in captivity and was sold as food to local villagers.
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Carcharodon carcharias

In the human imagination is the story of the Great White Shark (Latin: Carcharodon carcharias, Great White Shark) was very scary, but in reality it is not that dramatic. Along with often did research on these predators, White Shark image as a merciless killing machine began to slowly fade. Based on the facts, the 100-more shark attacks in the world, 1 / 3 or 1 / 2 of the number of such attacks by white sharks. However, almost all the attacks are not too fatal. Recent studies revealed that the white shark is an animal which naturally has the nature of 'curiosity' is great, when he saw the man who swam in the sea, white sharks are often 'only' will try to do a bite and then release it back without prey often man himself. Although this fact is not something to comfort us, but based on these studies indicate that humans are not the diet for white sharks.

White shark is the largest predator on earth, had an average body length of about 4.6 meters. The size of the largest white shark ever found is 6 meters long with a weight of 2.268 kg. White shark covered in gray on the upper body to disguise himself with the seabed. White shark gets its name based on the color white that surrounds the lower abdomen. White sharks have the ideal body shape (streamlined), able to swim at speeds of about 24 km / h like a torpedo. White sharks can even leap to the top surface of the water in a way through to the top like a whale when attacking their prey from below the water.

(Brown area on the spread of White Shark Projects Are). White shark is a predator that is able to adapt well, their mouth consists of 3000 triangular serrated teeth formed in a few lines. Having a keen sense of smell to detect prey from a distance of several kilometers. Even white sharks have an organ that is able to feel weak electromagnetic vibrations produced other animals. White shark can detect a single drop of blood in 100 liters of sea water even in a distance of 5 kilometers more. White sharks are the main prey of sea lions, seals, types of small Whale, Turtle and even carrion. White sharks are found in cold waters and coastal waters throughout the world. There is no clear record of the number of populations of white sharks. The researchers argue, the number of their population has declined along with the activity of catching sharks and sometimes accidentally caught in nets large vessels as well as by several other factors. White shark listed as a species (brown area on the spread of White Shark Projects Are). White shark is a predator that is able to adapt well, their mouth consists of 3000 triangular serrated teeth formed in a few lines. Having a keen sense of smell to detect prey from a distance of several kilometers. Even white sharks have an organ that is able to feel weak electromagnetic vibrations produced other animals. White shark can detect a single drop of blood in 100 liters of sea water even in a distance of 5 kilometers more. White sharks are the main prey of sea lions, seals, types of small Whale, Turtle and even carrion. White sharks are found in cold waters and coastal waters throughout the world. There is no clear record of the number of populations of white sharks. The researchers argue, the number of their population has declined along with the activity of catching sharks and sometimes accidentally caught in nets large vessels as well as by several other factors. White sharks listed as endangered species.

Facts about the Great White Shark:
Type: Fish (Fish)
Type of food: Carnivore
Size: 4.6 - 6 meters more
Weight: 2.268 kg or more
Status: Endangered
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Thresher Shark

The Thresher Shark is greyish to black with a white belly. The tail and the body of the Thresher Shark are equal in length. The Thresher Shark can be up to 11 ft. long.

The Thresher Shark is not dangerous to humans, but it can give serious injuries to fishermen, if the long powerful tail of the shark hit them. The Thresher Shark normally uses their tail to gather prey and stun them with tail blows and afterwards they eat their stunned prey. The Thresher Shark feet on fish and squids.

The Thresher Shark is a very endangered species, because a very intense fishery are driven on them. The fisheries for Thresher Sharks are usually with long-lines, but in some areas dynamite are used. The dynamite stuns the sharks so they come to the surface and can be taken aboard.

Thresher Sharks can keep a body temperature that are higher than the surrounding water, this gives the shark a faster digestion. The higher body temperature and the body of the Thresher Shark makes it a very fast swimmer. The Thresher Shark can jump several yards out of the water into the air.

The reproduction of Thresher Sharks is a bit strange. The first young ones in the uteruses of the mother eat the smaller and unfertilized eggs, while they are growing. Only two young ones are born, one for each uterus. The small sharks are about 3 ft. long when they are born, and when they are 12 to 14 years old they have a length of 9 ft.
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Great Hammerhead

Great Hammerhead
Birth: 20-28 in (50-70 cm)
Maturity: males 7-9 ft (2.2-2.7 m), females 8-10 ft (2.5-3 m)
Maximum: 18 feet (5.5 m) 6.1m?

Maturity: unknown
Mode: viviparous
Gestation: 11 months
Pups: 13-42, 20-40, alternate years

Juvenile: small teleost fishes, crabs

Adult: stingrays, skates, sharks, large teleost fishes, squids, crabs

Habitat: Intertidal, Estuaries, Sandy Plains, Rocky Reefs, Kelp Forests, Coral Reefs, Open Ocean, Deep Sea, Polar Sea, Fresh Waters

Depth: 3-260 ft (1-80m)

Distribution: South Pacific, Tropical Eastern Pacific, Chilean, Western North Atlantic, Caribbean, Amazonian, Eastern North Atlantic/Mediterranean, West African, Madagascaran, Arabian, Indian, South East Asian, Western Australian, Southeast Australian/New Zealand, Northern Australian, Japanese.

The feeding strategy of this particular Great Hammerhead seems remarkably efficient and economical. If this behavior is typical, it may explain why Great Hammerheads are particularly adept at catching stingrays. In any case, it is clear that this species has a particular gastronomic predilection for stingray flesh. Since stingrays often spend their daylight hours resting on the vast, sandy plains of shallow bays, it is not surprising that Great Hammerheads often haunt these areas in search of their favorite prey.
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Tuesday, October 18, 2011

Pacific Sleeper Shark

The Pacific Sleeper Shark has been most extensively studied in the Gulf of Alaska. Here, 73% of Pacific Sleeper stomachs examined contained remains (principally the horny, parrot-like beaks) of the Giant Pacific Octopus (Enteroctopus dofleini). Alaskan Pacific Sleepers also prey heavily on bottom-dwelling teleost fishes — including a variety of soles, flounders, pollocks and rockfishes — but also take fast swimming prey — such as squids (Loligo, Ommastrephes, and others), Pacific salmon (Oncorhynchus spp.), and Harbor Porpoise (Phocoena phocoena) — as well as crunchy bottom-dwelling invertebrates — such as shrimps, hermit crabs, and even marine snails (including large, heavily-shelled tritons of the genus Fusitriton).

Like that of the White Shark (Carcharodon carcharias), the diet of Pacific Sleeper Sharks seems to broaden as they increase in size. A 3.7-foot (1.1-metre) female specimen from off Trinidad, California, was found to have fed mostly on Pacific Giant Squid (Moroteuthis robustus). The sharks included in the Gulf of Alaska study cited above ranged in length from 6.5 to 10 feet (2 to 3 metres) and had fed mostly on flounder, pollock, and cephalopods. Larger Pacific Sleepers, between 11 and 14 feet (3.6 and 4.3 metres) in length consume not only teleosts and cephalopods, but also marine mammals. A 13.5-foot (4.2-metre) male specimen captured off Patagonia contained three, 3-foot (1-metre) long Patagonian Toothfish (Dissostichius eleginoides) and numerous squid beaks. A 12-foot (3.6-metre) female Pacific Sleeper caught off the coast of Chile had in its stomach a whole, 34-inch (87-centimetre) Southern Rightwhale Dolphin (Lissodelphis peronii), while the 11-foot (3.9-metre) female that was stranded and shot in Kachemak Bay, Alaska, contained three octopuses, complete and shattered Tanner Crabs (Chionectes bardi), fragments of Hairy Tritons (Fusitriton oreganensis), and portions of at least three Harbor Seals (Phoca vitulina).

Interestingly, although they often live near haul-outs of Steller’s Sea Lions (Eumetopias jubatus) and have the dentition to ‘process’ them, Pacific Sleeper Sharks in the Gulf of Alaska are not known to feed upon these large, calorie-rich pinnipeds. However, like any card-carrying shark, the Pacific Sleeper is ever ready to scavenge whenever the opportunity arises. And the annual 13,000-mile (21,000-kilometre) round-trip migration of the Grey Whale (Eschrichtius robustus) along the Pacific Coast of North America — from winter feeding grounds in the Gulf of Alaska to summer calving lagoons in the Sea of Cortez — provides ample opportunities, as many participants cannot endure the arduous journey.
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whale shark

n contrast to most sharks from the same order (Orectolobiformes), which are benthic (live on or near the bottom) species, the whale shark is a pelagic (open sea) species. Studies reveal that this shark prefers warm waters, with surface temperature around 21-30ยบ C, marked by high primary productivity (much plankton). It is often seen offshore but commonly comes close inshore, sometimes entering lagoons or coral atolls.

The whale shark is thought to be highly migratory but currently there is no direct evidence to support this hypothesis. Their movements might be related to local productivity and they are often associated with schools of pelagic fish that are probably feeding on the same prey organisms.

Different geographic locations appear to be preferred at various times of the year. Whale sharks alternatively may undertake either fairly localized or large-scale transoceanic migrations, the movements governed by the timing and location of production pulses and possibly by breeding behavior. Seasonal migrations have been postulated for various areas but more information is needed to confirm these patterns. Each March and April, whale sharks are known to be aggregate on the continental shelf of the central western coast of Australia, particularly in the Ningaloo Reef area. A study was done in this area to provide information on the short-term movements and behavior of this species of shark. Whale sharks are thought to migrate to Ningaloo Reef each year to take advantage of the high zooplankton (microscopic animals) concentrations associated with large-scale coral spawning events occurring during the March and April full moons. A few whale sharks were tracked and some behavioral observations were made while snorkeling in the area. The reaction of the sharks to snorkellers varied between ignoring them to slowly diving. At times when water was flowing out from the reef lagoon, possibly transporting potential prey outside the reef, the tracked sharks swam in large circles adjacent to passes in the reef. The whale sharks also made numerous dives throughout the observation period. It appears that these movements, up and down through the water column, were associated with feeding. Whale sharks have smaller livers than most sharks and could conceivably control their buoyancy by swallowing some air as do the sand tiger sharks (Ondontaspis taurus).

Whale sharks were also observed near La Paz, Mexico. Researchers reported that when these sharks were not feeding at the surface, they swam practically without the head turning, gulping, and rhythmical opening and closing of the gill slits, seen during feeding behavior. The mouth was held slightly open, and the skin over the gill openings was quivering as water flowed steadily out the gill slits in the typical ventilation of pelagic sharks. Generally, whale sharks are encountered singly but loose aggregations of over 100 animals have been seen, which suggests that schooling activity does occur. Scientists do not know whether sexual segregation, either locally or geographically, occurs.
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Basking sharks

a migratory speciesal though its seasonal movements aren't well known. They dwell in northern waters as long as the plankton population is abundant, moving south in the winter. Though they are largely oceanic sharks, they can be found off the coast of Iceland and northern Europe during the summer where they mate.

this shark swims with its mouth open widely, gillrakers straining plankton from the water. The absence of basking sharks in the winter has led to the belief that they hibernate in deep waters until the following summer and, since they lose their gill rakers in winter, possibly cease to feed during this time.

Basking sharks inhabit subpolar and temperate seas moving southward during the winter. They prefer surface waters of the open sea, straying inland only to breed in the summer. basking shark has a conical snout, enormous gills, dark bristle-like gill rakers, and a crescent-shaped tail. Teeth are small and numerous(about one hundred per row) with a single conical cusp usually curved backwards, and similar in both jaws. Color is grayish brown to black above, often with blotches of a lighter color, and pale with blotches on the belly. Average size of this shark ranges from 7-9 m.
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Yeti Argentina

On July 23, 2010, two farmers in El Cerro Creston, about 40 kilometers west of San Jose de Metan, Argentina, managed to kill a strange creature like humans, but with a large canine teeth and sharp. Photo of the creature's head was leaked to the public and quite horrendous Argentine society.

According to local residents, who found this creature similar to that in the belief Ucumar creatures locally called as a creature that has a body like a man with bushy black hair covering his body. Sometimes these creatures are also often referred to as Yeti Argentina.

The existence of this creature in the forests of the southern part of the province, especially in Rosario de la Frontera, has become the news media for decades.

Photo of the creature's head was leaked to the public was taken by a man named Martin. He was photographed on the property owned by ranchers who killed the creature. The photo, taken from a cell phone, clearly showing a hominid with long fangs and protruding eyes.

Farmers who killed 79-year-old creature and has initials JS, while his nephew initials ES. Both asked their real names are not divulged to the public.

Martin told the daily El Tribuno about his experience when he visited the breeder.

"That Saturday, I arrived at the ranch and they tell me about events that happened on the previous night. I entered their house and there depending on the creature's body, his hands bound and extends almost touching the floor. I asked them the name of the creature, and they can not answer. "

According to Martin again, JS and ES kill the creature on July 23, yesterday.

In the dark of night, when it was gathering the cows, they heard a deafening sound near the end of the hills that surround their property. When approached and illuminated the place with flashlights, they found a pair of luminous green eyes that make them become fixated.

"According to them, it is Goblin creature, and to frighten him, they fired a rifle. The bullet was about the creature in the lower jaw to the upper left hand through the right eye brow. Because the shot was, a creature believed to be Ucumar it fell to the ground. "

Both breeders were then carried her petenakan. The next day, during daylight, they begin to believe that they have shot Ucumar. Martin said again:

"The creature has a short black bushy hair all over his body, except his face. Very scary to see the size of the fangs. "

Because of fear of reprisals, JS asked his colleagues to cut the creature's head and throwing her body. Retaliation is meant by JS was because he believed they had killed the son of Ucumar and worry about the act of revenge.

However, it is unclear what is meant by retaliation, retaliation entahkah derived from the mother or from the public.

Martin explains: "We cut the head which is then stored on the farm. Then, we wrap her body into a bag and throw it into some valley. "
JS, the owner of the Ranch, lives alone on his ranch and just get occasional visits from his nephew.

According to Martin, the creature was about 60-70 centimer.

Marcelo Choque, a veterinarian from the Environmental Division of the Service, quite surprised to see the photograph the creature. He said:

"I've never seen anything like it. Obviously it looks like anthropomorphic figure, but I can not mention from which species. And I also can not explain the extraordinary size of the fangs. "

Was it really Yeti Argentina?

Or just a monkey?

In comparison, this Weeper Capuchin Monkey or Cebus olivaceus, a type of monkey commonly found in South America.
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White lions

White lions are not albino (unpigmented) but are leucistic - leucism describes an effect rather than a particular gene. They have pigmentation which is visible in the eyes, paw pads and lips. Their eyes are usually the normal hazel or golden colour although some have blue, blue-green or greyish-green eyes. At birth, the cubs are snowy white and may be described as resembling polar bear cubs. The birth colour gradually darkens to a pale cream colour known as blond (another name for white lions is blond lions). The mane and tail tuft remain a paler shade.

Although the mutation occurred naturally in the wild and has cropped up several times due to hidden recessive genes, white lions do not have a place in the wild. They lack the tawny camouflage needed for survival - this makes them visible to poachers and to the prey, reducing their effectiveness as predators. It is possible that the former range of lions may have included terrain where a blond colour was advantageous. Modern strains of white lions should be considered "man-made" much as a Persian cat is a man-made cat breed. There has been a recent trend in breeding pure white lions for zoo exhibits and animal acts. To ensure genetic diversity, they are crossed with tawny lions from the same region.
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