Sunday, August 28, 2011

fish dolphins

fish dolphins

Unlike other aquatic mammals that dolphins and whales that live in the sea, dolphins (Orcaella brevirostris) live in rivers in the tropics. Population of endangered species protected by the Act which is only found in three locations in the world of the Mahakam River, the Mekong River, and River Irawady.

Formerly dolphins had been found in many estuaries in Borneo, but now dolphins become endangered species. Except in the Mahakam river, in this place Pesut Mahakam habitat can be found hundreds of miles of ocean that is in the district town Wake up, Kutai district, East Kalimantan. Habitat for predators of freshwater fish and shrimp can be found in the waters of the Mahakam River, the lake Jempang (15,000 ha), lake Semayang (13,000 ha) and Across the lake (11.000Ha).

Dolphins have a round shaped head (like bulbs) with both eyes are small (perhaps an adaptation to the muddy water). Pesut body is gray to wulung older, paler at the bottom - there is no typical pattern. Small dorsal fin and rounded behind the middle of his back. High forehead and rounded, no beak. Width of pectoral fin rounded.

Dolphins move in small herds. Although his views are not so sharp and the fact that dolphins live in water containing mud, but dolphins is an 'expert' in detecting and avoiding obstacles. Perhaps they used to perform ultrasonic echo location as that of relatives in the sea.

These animal populations continue to shrink due to disturbed habitats, especially the increasingly busy traffic Mahakam river waters, and high levels of erosion and siltation of rivers due to the surrounding forest management. Sustainability Pesut Mahakam also expected to be at risk from lack of food in the form of shrimp and fish, because it must compete with fishermen along the Mahakam River.
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is a highly intelligent marine mammals, other than that natural systems that complement the body is very complex. So many technologies are inspired by dolphins. One example is the skin of dolphins are able to reduce friction with the water, so the dolphins can swim with a little water resistance. It is used by swimmers to design swimsuits that resemble the skin of dolphins.

Dolphins have a system that is used to communicate and receive excitatory called sonar system, the system can avoid objects in front of the dolphins, so avoid the collision. This technology is then applied in the manufacture of submarine radar. Dolphins are mammals. They live in the sea and rivers around the world. Dolphins are whales and dolphins kerebat. There are more than 40 types of dolphins.

Baby dolphins newborn will be brought to the surface by its mother in order to bias air. Dolphins need to rise to the surface to breathe to stay alive. Dolphins breathe air through a hole located above the kepalnya. Her body is sleek and slim very suitable for swimming. Parent Dolphins breastfeeding her child with milk is tasty and provides quick energy for the children so big. Every child dolphins always near its mother, so her mother could protect from harm. The dolphins are always keeping in touch with their children to grow bigger. Parent dolphins calling their children with special whistles that they can identify with.

The dolphins live and work in groups called flocks. They often played together. A dolphin can not sleep well under water. He could drown. Therefore, he was half asleep a few moments in a day. The dolphins eat squid and fish such as mullet, gray. Sometimes dolphins herding a shoal of fish to be easily captured. Dolphins find a way to transmit sound in water. If the sound of an object, the vote will be reflected back as echoes. Sometimes, the noise in the sea due to oil drilling may confuse the dolphins. They will have difficulty in sending and receiving messages.

Humans always interested in the story of a dolphin. The Romans have made an image mosaic dolphin about 2,000 years ago. Now, people love to swim in the sea with an intelligent and friendly animals such as dolphins. Dolphins have to be careful of the sharks that might attack them at any time. They protect themselves with the gear teeth, sometimes they use their beaks as a ramrod. Humans can be catching lots of fish for the dolphins for food. Sometimes, the dolphins caught by fishing nets. They can not breathe on the surface, as a result they sink. When hazardous chemicals dumped into the sea, the waste can poison the food eaten by the dolphins. Construction of dams in rivers and lakes drying, leaving little room for animals like dolphins to live in Brazil.

Dolphins classified as an intelligent mammals. The dolphins could help humans, if dolphins are trained, even the ring of fire can they break through. Sea lions, primates, whales and dogs also includes an intelligent animal. Dolphins trained to perform a variety of attractions and they can also count, but the wild dolphins have not been able to do a variety of attractions. Today, dolphins and whales are rare, the dolphins and whales should be protected. Dolphins and whales have begun to be protected around the world.

Dolphins are highly intelligent marine mammals, other than that natural systems that complement the body is very complex. So many technologies are inspired by dolphins. One example is the skin of dolphins are able to reduce friction with the water, so the dolphins can swim with a little water resistance. It is used by swimmers to design swimsuits that resemble the skin of dolphins.

Dolphins have a system that is used to communicate and receive excitatory called sonar system, the system can avoid objects in front of the dolphins, so avoid the collision. This technology is then applied in the manufacture of submarine radar. Dolphins are mammals. They live in the sea and rivers around the world. Dolphins are whales and dolphins kerebat. There are more than 40 species of dolphins.

Baby dolphins newborn will be brought to the surface by its mother in order to bias air. Dolphins need to rise to the surface to breathe to stay alive. Dolphins breathe air through a hole located above the kepalnya. Her body is sleek and slim very suitable for swimming. Parent dolphins breastfeeding her child with milk is tasty and provides quick energy for the children so big. Every child dolphins always near its mother, so her mother could protect from harm. The dolphins are always keeping in touch with their children to grow bigger. Parent dolphins calling their children with special whistles that they can identify with.
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Ladybugs feed on aphids, small worms, and a variety of insect eggs. To release Ladybugs, early morning or late evenings are best when they are calm and slow moving. Open the container and distribute the Ladybugs throughout the plants or trees, covering as much area as possible.

Twenty-two spotted ladybug
Thea 22-punctata
This minuscule ladybug does not eat aphids, it is a vegetarian hungry for mildew. If you have perennial phlox, a plant prone to heavy, late-summer mildew infestations, look beneath the affected leaves and you are sure to find this ladybug despite its camouflage colours.

Convergent Ladybug
Hippodamia convergens
The name "convergent" refer to the two convergent lines on its thoracic shield. This ladybug is very common in the Southwest, and in Canada is often found feeding on the mustard-yellow aphids that infest milkweed.
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Red Racer Snake

There are some snakes that are red, although few have the color red, some kind of snake has a name that contained elements of red color. Some examples include Coachwhip Red, Red Racer and Classic Red, as seen from the picture clockwise.

The Red Racer Snake - also called the Red Coachwhip - is a reptile common to the Mojave Desert of the US. While named the Red Racer, the coloration of the snake can vary from gray to pink to tan. As the snake ages it becomes more and more redish. They are relatively fast snakes with speeds of up to seven miles an hour. They feed mostly on lizards, smaller snakes, birds, and small mammals. They are active during the day and can often be seen basking on rocks and roadways in the desert. While the Red Racer is not poisonous, it can deliver a nasty bite so handling these snakes is not recommended.
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Poison dart frogs

Poison dart frogs because the frogs of this species has a pretty lethal poisons and toxins that have frogs are often used to smeared on the arrowhead. This frog species other than species of frogs which are common and have a body style and color that is quite unique.

This frog has a red coat is orange / red on the dorsal surface / body. This small frog, reaching a size of 2.5 cm (1 in.) in length. This size is small, this frog is a frog native land Madagaskara.
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Red-spotted Newts

Red-spotted Newts

Amphibians are often found in wet forests of eastern North America, unique and weird enough to kind of rare lizards sekalo red. Information about these animals is body size (length) of about 5 inches but can live for 15 years. Their skin will release toxic substances when attacked by the enemy.

Red spotted newts do not have to be fed every day - every other day or every three days is often enough. It may take a little experimentation to figure out how much and how often they should be fed, but you can try to judge by their growth and body condition (fat or skinny) and whether excess food is being left (which will cause toxins to build up in the tank).

For efts - imitate their natural environment - damp woodland "floor". Soil for the substrate, moss is good to hold moisture and even out humidity. A hide box is impotant for the erft to go and feel secure. For adults mainly an aquatic environment but as mentioned add an area of land - large rocks that sick out of the water will do just fine. Filtration should be provided, although strong currents are best avoided. Inside corner filters (the kind powered by air) work well, as they create little current. Internal power filters are also a good choice, as long as they are not too powerful and positioned so as to minimize the current produced. Under gravel filters are also a good option.

Approximately 1/3 of the volume of water in the tank should be removed and replaced with fresh, dechlorinated water every 1-2 weeks (depending on the size of the tank and the number of newts - it should be done more often for smaller tanks and larger numbers of newts). A gravel washer is an inexpensive tool available at pet stores that allows the gravel to be gently agitated and cleaned while siphoning off water. For efts, check soil, if it smells, has funfus or mold etc - replace
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Red Humboldt Squid

Red Humboldt Squid

These squid have been known to have attacked divers and as a creature that can grow to 7 feet long, and usually tear their prey using their beaks to separate and suckers on their arms lined with needle-sharp teeth.
It also includes a strange animal because it has three hearts, blue blood, and communicate through the bioluminescent photophores on their skin.

Latin name: Loligo pealii
Phylum: Mollusca
Sub Phylum: -
Order: Teuthoidea
Family: Loliginidae
Genus: -
Species: Loligo pealii
Class: Cephalopoda
Area Name: squid

When the squid takes a lot of energy to move as quickly as they did, they had three heart. Blue-blooded squid. Two of them are located close to the heart of each gill. This, they can pump oxygen into the body to rest easily. The squid has a copper compound principal respiratory system. This is in contrast to humans where humans have a basic metal compound respiratory system. If too close to the surface where there is hot water, the squid can die easily because of suffocation.

The possibility of living in deep water during the winter, but in May he entered the shallow water to incubate their eggs.

Digestive System
Squid are carnivores. This means that meat-eaters. Tentacel longer capture prey. Attract squid meal with tentacel shorter when food was taken away by force like a duck beak. Then radula banging down the esophagus so that food will drop into the stomach to digest. Radula is a ribbon horn on the tongue.

Cuttlefish produce sexually. Squid females spend a lot of threads eggs into the water. Cuttlefish males remove sperm. Some species have been developed to put the sperm in the squid or female. It has always been a mystery of science how eggs get fertilized squid.

The squid is economic necessity, because they are used as food and as bait in fishing nets. They feed small fish, crustaceans and squid and other fish foods in a circle of other equipment is great.

This news from
about the "squid - giant squid"
Natural History Museum Darwin Centre London show off a giant squid is the world's largest and terutuh in March, cuttlefish (squid) giant was netted by fishermen in the waters around the Falkland Islands (Malvinas Islands).

Giant squid is the length of 8.2 meters (28 feet), exhibited in a glass shelf over 9 meters.

Giant squid are very rare, once considered the nation's snakes in the ocean, they live at depths of 200-1000 meters below the sea. Giant squid specimens are intact and this huge weight is a rare giant squid can reach 1000 kg: the largest squid ever captured in 1880, 18.5 meters in length, the squid was caught in the bay near New Zealand.

Researchers from the National History Museum said, the carcass of a giant squid usually stranded on the beach, or recovered from the belly of the whale. Therefore, squid specimen is intact and large this is very rare.

Preparation of squid exhibit this takes several months. First of all research staff took 4 days to thaw the squid. Because of the size of the squid is very large, but, claws and whiskers are very smooth, so as not to damage the claws or whiskers when thawed squid needs to be done very carefully and meticulously.

Researchers first put the squid into the water, however, they closed the whiskers and claws squid with ice, then destroyed to prevent it, they inject the squid's body with liquid formalin.

In addition, the museum needs to find someone to order the manufacture of glass shelves and glass racks can not only contain the giant squid, after all, can save a whole squid for future research.

Museum decided to seek the help of an artist who is famous for its exhibition of animal carcasses, and that person is Jon Ablett. From the artist, the museum managed to find a company that can make this a special glass shelves. The squid was now put in a glass box, and inside was filled with formalin.
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Red Sea Stars

Red Sea Stars

It's beautiful marine inhabitants of this one, especially with his red complexion very indulgent eye. Reminds us of the character Patrick on Spongebob movie, but the difference between the Patrick pink. Star of the Sea is a strange animal, at least compared with humans. Starfish have no blood or brain. They have the ability to regenerate and can live to 35 years in the wild.
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spiders in space

spiders in space reminds campy horror film, black and white which involves eight-legged monsters. In fact, this is a scientific inquiry called the Commercial Generic Bioprocessing Apparatus Science Insert-05 or CSI-05, where researchers observe the habits of arachnids microenvironment.

On 29 April 2011, with STS-134, spider habitats in the transfer of space shuttle Endeavour to the space station. The crew put one habitat to the Commercial Generic Bioprocessing Apparatus, or CGBA. This equipment will keep the temperature, humidity, lighting cycle for consistent and spiders and also controls the imaging for the investigation.

Not many species of red spiders in the world, perhaps because they are mostly ambush predators that need to remain masked and swiftly so as not to be late in prey prey not to escape.
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Devil Bird

Devil Bird
This striking red inhabit the islands of the Caribbean Sea and the southern coast, and inland tropical regions of South America. Surprisingly, red Ibis Birds are not born red and if the lack of preferred food that is red crab, then the birds change color to gray and white. In their natural habitat, the bird to metabolize the red pigment of the crabs they eat and inserting pigments into their fur.
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Elephant maximus sumatranus

Sumatran Elephant (Elephant maximus sumatranus) is one of three subspecies of Asian elephant. Subspecies of the Asian Elephant (Elephant maximus) in addition to the Sumatran Elephant Asian Elephant (Elephant maximus maximus) found in Sri Lanka and the Indian Elephant (Elephant maximus indicus) are found in Southeast Asia and India. Sumatran Elephant (Elephant maximus sumatranus) that have a large appetite (up to 150 kg a day) can be found on the island of Sumatra, Indonesia. The animal was also designated as a Fauna Identification of Lampung Province.

Sumatran Elephant (Elephant maximus sumatranus) berhabitat only on the island of Sumatra, Indonesia. Its population is spread across seven provinces of Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam, North Sumatra, Riau, Jambi, Bengkulu, South Sumatra and Lampung. Despite the widespread distribution of their habitat was declining drastically. Therefore UICN Redlist classify this large animal in the Endangered category since 1996.

The characteristics of Sumatran elephants

Sumatran elephants in general have more body fat characteristics and width. At the end of the trunk has a lip. Unlike the African elephant, Sumatran elephants have five nails on the front foot and four nails on the hind legs. Sumatran elephants reach adult weight 3.500-5000 pounds, smaller than African elephants.

The average adult Sumatran elephants in need of food daily to 150 pounds and 180 liters of water. Of that amount, only about 40% are able to be absorbed by the digestive. To satisfy this appetite Sumatran elephants to travel up to 20 miles per day. With ever-diminishing forests from illegal logging and forest fires, do not be surprised if your appetite and trunked star cruising is often a conflict with humans.

As other species of Asian elephants, Sumatran elephants sleep standing up. During sleep, his ears always dikipas-Fan. He was able to detect the presence of water sources within a radius of 5 kilometers. Sumatran elephants, having a wedding at the age of 10-12 years. And will give birth to a child four years with the period containing up to 22 months.
Sumatran Elephant Population and Conservation

Sumatran Elephant (Elephant maximus sumatranus) categorized under the Endangered by UICN Redlist. meanwhile CITES (Convention on International Trade of Endangered Fauna and Flora / Fauna Convention on International Trade and Plant) has categorized the Sumatran elephant in Appendix I.

Based on a survey conducted in 2007, the population of these animals live throughout the island of Sumatra 2400-2800 tails. Its population is spread across seven provinces of Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam, North Sumatra, Riau, Jambi, Bengkulu, South Sumatra and Lampung. Even believed since 2007 has disappeared from the National Park Bukit Twelve.

Decreased population of elephants in the wild due to poaching but also due to the decreasing area of ​​elephant habitat. Reduction in the real elephant habitat is due to the changing habitat of Sumatran elephants into large-scale monoculture plantations (oil palm, rubber, cocoa) which has been displacing habitat for Sumatran elephants.

In addition, it has also made an elephant stuck in small blocks of forest that is not enough to sustain the life of an elephant for the long term, on the other hand it is also a catalyst for conflict between humans and elephants.

The fate of Sumatran elephants is indeed not much different from the Sumatran tiger, Sumatran Forests Goat or Sumatran rhino. Pity.

Scientific classification: Kingdom: Animalia. Phylum: Chordata. Class: mammals. Order: Proboscidea. Family: Elephantidae. Genus: Elephas Species: Elepant maximus. Upaspesies: Elephant maximus sumatranus
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birds of paradise

The birds of paradise are members of the order Passeriformes Paradisaeidae family. They are found in eastern Indonesia, the islands of Torres Strait, Papua New Guinea, Australia and the east. Bird family members are known for their feathers in male birds of many kinds, especially the feathers are very elongated and complex that grew from the beak, wings or head. Size of Paradise birds of paradise from the King at 50 grams and 15 cm to Paradise Part-sickle Black at 110 cm and Paradise Crest Manukod-rolled at 430 grams.

The most famous birds of paradise are members of the genus Paradisaea, including its type species, large yellow paradise, Paradisaea apoda. This species was described from specimens brought to Europe from trading expeditions. The specimen was prepared by native traders by removing the wings and legs in order to be decorated. It is not known by the explorers and led the belief that these birds never landed but remain in the air because the feathers. This is the origin name of the bird of paradise ('bird paradise' by the British) and the name of the type apoda - which means 'no legs'.

Many species have elaborate mating rituals, with mating system types Paradisaea are male birds gather to compete beautiful show at the female birds to be mating. While other species such as the types Cicinnurus and Parotia have an irregular marriage dance. Males in sexually dimorphic species are polygamous. Many bird hybrids are described as new species, and several species of doubtful is good.

Number eggs somewhat less certain. In large type, perhaps almost always one egg. Smaller types can produce as much as 2-3 eggs.
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Saturday, August 27, 2011

Manis javanica

Pangolin (Manis javanica) or in English is called the Sunda pangolin is a species of the genus Manis (pangolin) are living in Indonesia (Java, Sumatra, and Borneo) and some other countries in Southeast Asia. Animals that have a characteristic scaly animal is an insect eater. The hunt pangolin (Manis javanica) is highly prevalent in Indonesia given the price of pangolin meat is very high, reaching 1 million per kg.

Anteaters live in tropical lowland forests. Its main food is insects (ants and termites). This beast has a distinctive body shape is elongated and covered with scales. The length from head to tail reaches 58 cm. To 45 cm long tail. Body weight about 2 kg of pangolin.

Anteater has a tongue that can extended up to one third of body length. The tongue is useful for capturing ants and termites which are the main food. Her hair is modified into a kind of large scales are arranged to form a shield-plated as a means of self protection. If disturbed, anteaters would furl its body like a ball. He could also wrap their tails, so, Äúsisik, Äùnya intruder can injure skin.

Pangolin (Manis javanica) is a nocturnal animal that actively conduct activities only at night. Endangered species are able to walk several kilometers and back kelubang nest they occupy for several months.

At a time when daylight anteater hide in the nest hole. Among them there are living on a tree branch. These animals prefer nesting in holes that were at the roots of large trees or make a hole in the ground dug by using the claw feet. Or he occupies holes other animal shelters. Kelubang nest entrance is always closed.

Police confiscated pangolin meat to be smuggled abroad

Unique wildlife is increasingly scarce due to the many hunting. The hunt was triggered by the high price of pangolin meat and scales. On the black market, pangolin meat prices reach Rp. 1 million per kg. While the pangolin scales valued USD. 9000 per chip. Meat and animal scales are widely exported to China, Singapore, Thailand, Laos, and Vietnam for use as a cosmetic ingredient, a powerful drug, and fine dining in the restaurant. Scales themselves are often in use as a material for shabu-shabu.

Therefore, anteater on by the IUCN (International Union for the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources) mengategorikannya in, Äúgenting, Äù (Endangered; EN) in the IUCN Red List. The species is also protected by CITES as Appendix II. By the government of Indonesia, anteaters also includes a protected animal under Regulation No. 7 of 1999.

Pangolin (Manis javanica), but there is in Java, Sumatra, Kalimantan (Indonesia) also present in the country of Malaysia, Brunei Darussalam, Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, and Vietnam.

Besides Sweet javica there are still some species (types) such as anteaters: M. aurita, M. crassicaudata (Thick-Tailed pangolin), M. crassicuadata, M. gigantea (Giant Ground pangolin), M. culionensis javanica, M. javanicus, M. multiscutata, M. pentadactyla (Chinese pangolin), M. pentadactyla aurita, M. pentadactyla dalmanni, M. pentadactyla pentadactyla (Chinese pangolin), M. pentadactyla pusilla, M. temmincki, M. temminckii (Temminck, AOS Ground pangolin), M. tetradactyla (Black-bellied pangolin), M. tetradactyla longicaudus, M. tricupis, M. tricuspis (Three-Cusped pangolin), M. tricuspis tricuspis (tree pangolin).

Scientific classification. Kingdom: Animalia. Phylum: Chordata. Class: mammals. Order: Pholidota Family: Manidae. Genus: Manis. Species: Manis javanica
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Malayan Tapir

The Malayan Tapir was once found throughout the tropical lowland rainforests of Southeast Asia, including Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar (Burma), Thailand, and Vietnam. However, its numbers have decreased in recent years, and today, like all tapirs, it is in danger of extinction.
Because of their size, tapirs have few natural predators, and even reports of killings by tigers are scarce. The main threat to the Malayan tapirs is human activity, including deforestation for agricultural purposes, flooding caused by the damming of rivers for hydroelectric projects, and illegal trade. In areas such as Sumatra, where the population is predominantly Muslim, tapirs are seldom hunted for food, as their physical similarity to pigs has made tapir meat a taboo, but in some regions they are hunted for sport or shot accidentally when mistaken for other animals. Protected status in Malaysia, Indonesia, and Thailand, which seeks to curb deliberate killing of tapirs but does not address the issue of habitat loss, has had limited effect in reviving or maintaining the population.

Hunted for food and sport, their thick, tough skin is used to make bridles and whips. The Malayan tapir's natural habitats in southeast Asia are quickly disappearing due to human activities such as agriculture, cattle grazing, logging and flooding caused by hydroelectric projects.

The Malayan tapir appears on the logo of the Malaysian Nature Society, an organization considered the cultural equivalent to our own National Audubon Society. Woodland Park Zoo participates in the American Zoo and Aquarium Association's (AZA) Tapir Taxon Advisory Group. The primary focus of this group is to establish a Species Survival Plan (SSP) for tapirs, which will help manage captive populations in North America and through research and education help preserve wild tapir populations in their changing habitat.

Malayan Tapirs are primarily solitary creatures, marking out large tracts of land as their territory, though these areas usually overlap with those of other individuals. Tapirs mark out their territories by spraying urine on plants, and they often follow distinct paths which they have bulldozed through the undergrowth.

Exclusively a vegetarian, the animal forages for the tender shoots and leaves of more than 115 species of plants (around 30 are particularly preferred), moving slowly through the forest and pausing often to eat and note the scents left behind by other tapirs in the area. However, when threatened or frightened, the tapir can run quickly, despite its considerable bulk, and they can also defend themselves with their strong jaws and sharp teeth. Malayan Tapirs communicate with high-pitched squeaks and whistles. They usually prefer to live near water and often bathe and swim, and they are also able to climb steep slopes. Tapirs are mainly active at night, though they are not exclusively nocturnal. They tend to eat soon after sunset or before sunrise, and they will often nap in the middle of the night. This type of behavior characterizes them as crepuscular animals.
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Hylobates syndactylus

siamang (Hylobates syndactylus), arboreal ape of the gibbon family (Hylobatidae), found in the
forests of Sumatra and Malaya. The siamang resembles other gibbons but is more robust. The siamang is also distinguished by the webbing between its second and third toes and by a dilatable hairless air sac in its throat. The air sac is used in producing a resonant, booming call. The siamang is about 50–55 centimetres in head and body length. Its shaggy fur is completely black. Like the gibbon, the siamang is diurnal and arboreal and moves by brachiation, progressing from one point to another by swinging from its arms. It feeds mainly on fruit and has been observed to live alone or in small groups. The gestation period is about 230 days; births are typically single. Kloss’ gibbon (H. klossi) is sometimes called a dwarf siamang; both it and the siamang were formerly classified in a separate genus, Symphalangus.

Tropical and montane forests at altitudes ranging from 2,000-7,000 feet (606-2,121 m). Siamangs prefer the middle canopy level, but will travel from tree tops to low bushes while feeding.

30-35 inches (75-88 cm). Siamangs are the largest of the gibbon species. Male and female siamangs are about the same size. 18-35 pounds (8-16 kg).

Siamangs are an endangered species. Overpopulation, logging, agriculture and other human activities are rapidly destroying forest environments required by siamangs and other gibbon species for their survival.

Woodland Park Zoo is dedicated to conserving the siamang. The zoo supported a genetic analysis of captive North American siamangs to determine if there were distinct subspecies within the captive population. This study concluded that there was not sufficient genetic variation among siamangs to support subspecies designation. As a result, North American captive siamangs are managed as one population.
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Finned whales

They are around 19 to 20 metres in length, and can weigh as much as an estimated 70 tonnes. Fin Whales found in the southern hemisphere have been reported up to 26 metres in length. They have a white underbelly, and are a brown-grey colour on top. They are migratory whales, and have been observed in groups of up to 300 whales. They normally however travel in a pod with 6 or 7 other whales. They have a narrow flat V-shaped head and two blowholes.

They are known by a number of other names such as the Finn, the Finner, the Finback, the Common Rorqual or the Herring Whale. The Fin Whale is currently (2003) listed as an endangered species.

Finned whales usually need to breathe three times on the surface. No one had ever seen anything like this. This incident is really not possible. No way. "

According to Alisa Schulman-Janiger of the American Cetacean Society, news of the ship that met fin whales are rarely heard. If listening to Hartmann's description of the behavior of whales encountered, one might think if he meets is a type of humpback whales are smaller and friendly.

There are about six to 10 fin whales in Dana Point, each measuring about 60 feet, where sometimes they would boost the speed as it approached the boat before diving under the hull.

Sometimes, Hartmann concerned for the safety of its passengers because it is often almost a crash, let alone been known to break through the fin whale.

Pope's type is more frequent in the water, although they are very clearly visible. "Families who participated in the ship I kept calling because they still do not believe what happened," said Hartmann.

"It was very unreal for us to really out there alone, with no wind, and such incidents are happening," he continued.

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Gibbons Java

Gibbons Java, is one of the most endangered primates. Its existence is included in the status of "endangered". Besides the less, many of which hunt only to be maintained. Granting the status of this endangered community seems attractive precisely for personal gain.

Currently Java gibbons live mostly in forests in West Java, a minority in Central Java, Mount Slamet, the Dieng plateau and East Java. Java gibbons foods are natural fruits, young leaves and insects. Java gibbons can live up to the age of 20 years. Characteristic of this animal is yelling or singing. Java gibbons shout or chant signify territorial shelter and foraging areas.

Currently efforts are being made to rescue Java gibbons from extinction. Among the educational activities of the wider community, especially those living in forest areas. Anton Ario from Conservation International Indonesia (CII) said the people living around the very important role in the process of providing information about the detection of the presence of Java gibbons are maintained by the community.

Rehabilitation Process

National Park of Mount Gede Pangrango West Java, precisely in the resort Bodogol, there are rehabilitation centers Java gibbons. Java gibbons who entered rehab usually seven years old. Gibbons Rehabilitation Java needs to be done gradually in order to restore the ability of Java gibbons survival has long been maintained by the community.

Gibbons originally included Java quarantine for review health and behavioral changes that occur such as diet and interaction with the surrounding environment. When Java has always maintained gibbons are fed fruits regularly, but when returned to the wild, gibbons Java must learn to find themselves where there is fruit in the forest.

After passing through the quarantine for about 1 to 1.5 months, gibbons Java ready to be released into the wild to be able to socialize with their original environment. Officers are always monitoring the newly released Java gibbons to be able to know what's happening on the Java gibbons.

To rescue Java from the threat of extinction Gibbons, necessary cooperation of all parties. In addition to law enforcement efforts are more concrete and firm action against poachers Java gibbons, are also needed for education and information dissemination to the public, to care more about the primates whose numbers are fewer. Let Java gibbons rescued from extinction!

Gibbon species endemic to the island of Java is Java and the only inhabited island of the western and central Java. Java gibbons preferred habitat is lowland forest with dense trees (dense).

Based on data from Conservation International Indonesia (2009) population of Java flirtatious Gibbons is expected to remain around 4000-5000 tails only. Java gibbons are distributed is limited in three national parks, namely TN Ujung Kulon, Gunung Gede Pangrango TN, and TN Mist Mountain. In addition, some Java gibbons can be found in some nature reserves such as Simpang Nature Reserve, Papandayan, Talaga Warna, Tilu, Kendeng, and Slamet.
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Friday, August 26, 2011


Reptiles of this one was already familiar inlife us, so that the life of a snake raises our curiosity. These are the types of snakes commonly known to us. Both snakes are venomous (a poison, venom), or not. However, no need to worry when you meet a snake. Among the venomous, most usually not sufficiently dangerous to humans.
Moreover, most snakes go away when you meet people. Primitive snakes, such as a wire snake, snake sacks, two headed snakes, and the python, it is not venomous. Snakes are venomous, including interest mostly Colubridae: but usually it is generally weak.
Types of venomous snakes are strong in Indonesia usually fall into one of the serpent tribe follows: Elapidae (cobra, striped snake, snake chili, etc..) Hydrophiidae (sea snakes) and Viperidae (ground snake, a snake carcass sea ​​snake bandotan).

Here are some types of snakes in Indonesia:

Typhlopidae tribal snake wire (Rhamphotyphlops braminus)

Cylindrophiidae tribal snake-head two (Cylindrophis ruffus)

tribes Pythonidae
flowers python (Python reticulatus)
peraca snake (P. curtus)
green python. (Morelia viridis')

Acrochordidae tribal snake sack (Acrochordus javanicus)

rainbow serpent tribe Xenopeltidae (Xenopeltis unicolor)
READ MORE - Viperidae

Sunday, August 21, 2011

Bos javanicus

banteng (Bos javanicus), also known as tembadau, is a species of wild cattle found in Southeast Asia. Banteng have been domesticated in several places in Southeast Asia, and there are around 1.5 million domestic banteng, which are called Bali cattle. These animals are used as working animals and for their meat. Bali cattle have also been introduced to Northern Australia, where they have established stable feral populations. The following subspecies are recognised: The banteng is similar in size to domestic cattle, being 1.55 to 1.65 m (61 to 65 in) tall at the shoulder, and weighing 600 to 800 kg (1,300 to 1,800 lb). It exhibits sexual dimorphism, allowing the sexes to be readily distinguished by colour and size. In mature males, the short-haired coat is blue-black or dark chestnut in colour, while in females and young it is chestnut with a dark dorsal stripe.
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