Monday, July 18, 2011

Animals Marsupilia

15 Animals Marsupilia Original Indonesia

Marsupials are mammals in which female mammals have a marsupium (pouch) such as Kangaroos and Koala Australia. They differ from the mammals Eutheria on the nature of reproduction. Here are a few kinds of animals marsupilia a native of Indonesia.

1. Bear Cuscus / Kuse (Ailurops ursinus)

Bear Cuscus or Kuse (Ailurops ursinus) is one of two possum species endemic to Sulawesi. Kuse length of the body and head is 56 cm, 54 cm long tail and can weigh up to 8 kg.
Kuse have prehensil tail, which is the tail that can be held and used to help hold in time to climb tall trees.

2. Spotted Cuscus-Spot (Spilocuscus maculatus)

Animal speckled couscous, or Spilocuscus maculatus, commonly found in lowland areas of Papua. Coat color varies from pure white skin to light brown.
Possum meat valued highly by residents Kamoro while their skin as a headdress worn by the leaders of special importance. Animals can be tamed if the couscous maintained and bred in the village.

3. Phalanger Gymnotis

Possum in Irian Jaya, Aru Islands

4. Echympyra
In the same family is Peroryctidae, classified as the more common types of bandicoots known.

5. Mallomy (Giant Mice)

This animal was one of two species of rare animals that successfully revealed by scientists in Papua's Foja Mountains region in a second expedition.

The cuscus is a large marsupial native to the Northern forest of Australia and the large, tropical island of Papua New Guinea. The cuscus is a subspecies of possum with the cuscus being the largest of the world's possum species.

6. Pygmy Possum

This is one of the world's smallest marsupials, which are also found in the Foja Mountains region of Papua.

7. Thylogale Brunii (Dusky Pademelon)

Is the smallest kangaroo species that exist in the world. Weighing between 3-6 pounds, but there are also 10 pounds. Body length about 90 inches with a width of about 50 centimeters.
Protected endangered species is endemic in Papua, and found only in Papua in the lowland forests of southern Papua, and Papua New Guinea.

In Indonesia there brunii Thylogale among others in the Park Wasur (Merauke Regency) and Gunung Lorentz National Park (Mimika).

8. Thylogale brownii (Brown's pademelon)

Besides in Papua, these animals are also found in Papua New Guinea. Has a thick tail and short, hairy. The top of the brown-gray and reddish color in the stomach. Rings around the eyes and reddish area behind the ear. The length from head to body 550-630 mm, tail length 320-415 mm and weight of 9 kg for males and 5.8 kg for females.

9. Dendrolagus Pulcherrimus (Gold Coat Tree Kangaroo)

Is a kind of tree kangaroos are found only in mountain forests of the island of Irian. This species has a short smooth hairs brown.

Neck, cheeks and legs yellowish. The down side is paler colored abdomen with his back two golden lines. Long tail and not prehensil with circles of light.

Tree kangaroo-Mantel-gold is one kind of tree-kangaroos are among the most endangered of all tree kangaroos. The species is already extinct in most areas of natural habitat.

10. Dendrolagus Goodfellowi

Called the Tree Kangaroo Goodfellow or ornamental tree kangaroo or Goodfellow's Tree-kangaroo. Is the tree kangaroo species most often encountered. Ornamental trees Kangaroo appearance similar to gold-coat tree kangaroo.

The difference is the tree kangaroo-Mantel-gold has a face the color lighter or red-young, golden shoulders, white ears and smaller than the Kangaroos-Ornamental trees. Some experts put the Kangaroos Mantel-tree-gold as a subspecies of kangaroo-Ornamental trees. His brown skin brown and many in the rainforest on the island of Papua.

11. Dendrolagus Mbaiso
Known as the Tree Kangaroo Mbaiso or Dingiso. Kangaroos are found in high montane forest and subalpine scrub at Peak Sudirman. Tree kangaroo has black fur with a combination of white on the chest.

12. Dengrolagus Dorianus

Known also as the Tree Kangaroo Doria's Tree Ndomea or-kangaroo.

13. Dendrolagus Ursinus
Vogelkop also called Tree-kangaroo or Nemena Tree Kangaroos. Tree kangaroo is the earliest terklasifikasikan. Have long ears and long tail and black.

14. Dendrolagus Inustus
Known also as the Tree Kangaroo Grizzled Tree-Wakera or kangaroo

15. Dendrolagus Stellarum
Known also as the Series's Tree-kangaroo. This tree kangaroo found in Tembagapura.

The cuscus is known to range in size from just 15cm to more than 60cm in length, although the average sized cuscus tends to be around 45cm (18inches). The cuscus has small ears and large eyes which aid the cuscus through it's nocturnal lifestyle.

The cuscus is an arboreal mammal, and spends it's life almost exclusively in the trees. The cuscus rests in the trees during the day, sleeping in the dense foliage and awakens at night to start moving through the trees in search of food. The cuscus is an omnivorous animal but the cuscus mainly eats leaves and fruits occasionally feasting on small birds and reptiles.

The cuscus is thought to breed throughout the year rather than having a strict breeding season. The mother cuscus gives birth to between 2 and 4 baby cuscus after a gestation period of just a couple of weeks. As with all marsupials, the female cuscus has a pouch on her tummy which the new born cuscus babies crawl into and stay until they are bigger, less vulnerable and able to start feeding themselves. Typically only one of the cuscus babies will survive and emerge from the pouch after 6 or 7 months.

The cuscus has a long and very strong prehensile tail which is naked (has no fur) at the end. This allows the cuscus to be able to grip onto the tree branches more easily when the cuscus is moving from tree to tree and resting during the day. The cuscus also has long, sharp claws which help the cuscus when it is moving around in the trees. The cuscus has thick, woolly fur which can be a variety of colours including brown, tan and white.

Due to the arboreal and nocturnal lifestyle of the cuscus, the cuscus has few natural predators in it's environment. The main predators of the cuscus (besides humans) are large snakes and birds of prey which tend to pick on the more vulnerable, young cuscus. The human is the biggest predator of the cuscus as natives hunt the cuscus for both the meat of the cuscus and the thick fur of the cuscus.

When the cuscus was first discovered, scientists believed that the cuscus was a type of monkey due to the way that the cuscus moves through the trees and uses it's tail to grip onto branches. It was later discovered that the cuscus was actually most closely related to the possum.

Today the cuscus populations are declining mainly due to deforestation and therefore loss of the habitat in which the cuscus exists. More and more of the secluded forests where the cuscus dwells, is being cut down with the trees being sold to logging companies.

The cuscus is an elusive and very secretive animal that are extremely difficult to spot in the wild. It is said to be one of the most rewarding sights, if you spot a cuscus in it's natural habitat.

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