Saturday, July 16, 2011

Capricornis sumatraensis sumatraensi

Forest goat Sumatra (Sumatran Serow) or in Latin (scientific) called Capricornis sumatraensis sumatraensis is a type of goat forest found only in tropical forests of Sumatra island.

In the wild fauna of the existence of this increasingly rare and endangered. By the International Union for the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN), animals are categorized in the "critical" or "Endangered". So it is not wrong, to protect the remaining, if the then government of Indonesia set a Goat Sumatra Forest as one of the protected animals from extinction based on Government Regulation No. 7 of 1999. Unfortunately I do not know what is the population that survived until now. Googling all day just looking for a population of goats but to no avail. Maybe there is my friend who can help?.

Characteristic Goat Sumatra Forest (Capricornis sumatraensis sumatraensis) is horned slim, short and curved backward. Weight between 50-140 pounds with a body length to reach between 140-180 cm. Height when grown at between 85-94 cm.

Basically, different woods goats are bred with goats, because goats jungle is a blend of goat antelope and still has close ties to the buffalo. Forest goat is very agile animals and are often seen climbing rapidly on steep slopes which usually can only be achieved by humans with the help of ropes.

Sumatra has a goat Forest habitat in the forests of the mountainous highlands of Sumatra. Remaining population is found in Kerinci Seblat National Park (West Sumatra, Jambi, Bengkulu and South Sumatra) can also be found in Batang Gadis National Park (TNBG) which is administratively located in the District of Mandailing Natal (Madina) of North Sumatra Province and Mountain National Park Leuser (Aceh).

There are no significant reports of goats in the last ten years. How many species are left in the wild was not known with certainty. Possibly due to rampant logging and illegal logging of Indonesia, and forest fires create a population of Sumatran Forests Goat (Capricornis sumatraensis sumatraensis) increasingly desperate and increasingly scarce and difficult to be found. By the International Union for the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN), animals are categorized in the "critical" or "Endangered" or three levels below the category "Extinct" (Extinct).

Goat is the scarcity of Sumatra forests make up only a little zoo in the world that has this animal so zoo has a collection of this species are very proud. In fact, many zoos in Indonesia alone who do not have it.

Scientific classification: Kingdom: Animalia. Phylum: Chordata. Class: mammals. Order: Artiodactyla. Family: Bovidae. Upafamili: Caprinae. Genus: Capricornis. Species: Capricornis sumatraensis. Upaspesies: Capricornis sumatraensis sumatraensis. Trinomial name: Capricornis sumatraensis sumatraensis (Bechstein, 1799). Synonym: Naemorhedus sumatraensis sumatraensis.

Sumatran serows, Capricornis sumatraensis, are found on the Thai-Malay Peninsula and on the Indonesian island of Sumatra. There are three specific areas of highlands on the island of Sumatra that have been identified as supporting populations of C. sumatraensis: the Barisan mountains in the south, Aceh in the north, and Kerinci in the central part of the island. (Duckworth, Steinmetz, and MacKinnon, 2008; Santiapillai and Ramono, 1994)

In body shape, Sumatran serows resemble goats or antelopes. They are generally dark grey or black in color with backward pointing horns that narrow at the tips. The horns usually have a slight curve. A skin of C. sumatraensis measured 60 inches (approximately 152.4 cm) from nose to tail. (Pocock, 1908; Santiapillai and Ramono, 1994)

There is no information regarding sexual dimorphism in this species and standard measurements are not available. However, in a close relative, Capricornis crispus, both males and females were reported to weigh between 30 and 45 kg, with horns that averaged 12 to 16 cm in length. (Kishimoto and Kawamichi, 1996; Ochiai and Susaki, 2002)

At approximately 30 kg, Capricornis swinhoei, a close relative native to Taiwan, is slightly smaller than C. sumatraensis. (Wang and Chen, 1981)

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